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BBC Micro Elite

Elite D source

ELITE D FILE Produces the binary file ELTD.bin that gets loaded by elite-bcfs.asm.
CODE_D% = P% LOAD_D% = LOAD% + P% - CODE%
Name: tnpr [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Market Summary: Work out if we have space for a specific amount of cargo
Given a market item and an amount, work out whether there is room in the cargo hold for this item. For standard tonne canisters, the limit is given by the type of cargo hold we have, with a standard cargo hold having a capacity of 20t and an extended cargo bay being 35t. For items measured in kg (gold, platinum), g (gem-stones) and alien items, the individual limit on each of these is 200 units. Arguments: A The number of units of this market item QQ29 The type of market item (see QQ23 for a list of market item numbers) Returns: A A is preserved C flag Returns the result: * Set if there is no room for this item * Clear if there is room for this item
.tnpr PHA \ Store A on the stack LDX #12 \ If QQ29 > 12 then jump to kg below, as this cargo CPX QQ29 \ type is gold, platinum, gem-stones or alien items, BCC kg \ and they have different cargo limits to the standard \ tonne canisters .Tml \ Here we count the tonne canisters we have in the hold \ and add to A to see if we have enough room for A more \ tonnes of cargo, using X as the loop counter, starting \ with X = 12 ADC QQ20,X \ Set A = A + the number of tonnes we have in the hold \ of market item number X. Note that the first time we \ go round this loop, the C flag is set (as we didn't \ branch with the BCC above, so the effect of this loop \ is to count the number of tonne canisters in the hold, \ and add 1 DEX \ Decrement the loop counter BPL Tml \ Loop back to add in the next market item in the hold, \ until we have added up all market items from 12 \ (minerals) down to 0 (food) CMP CRGO \ If A < CRGO then the C flag will be clear (we have \ room in the hold) \ \ If A >= CRGO then the C flag will be set (we do not \ have room in the hold) \ \ This works because A contains the number of canisters \ plus 1, while CRGO contains our cargo capacity plus 2, \ so if we actually have "a" canisters and a capacity \ of "c", then: \ \ A < CRGO means: a+1 < c+2 \ a < c+1 \ a <= c \ \ So this is why the value in CRGO is 2 higher than the \ actual cargo bay size, i.e. it's 22 for the standard \ 20-tonne bay, and 37 for the large 35-tonne bay PLA \ Restore A from the stack RTS \ Return from the subroutine .kg \ Here we count the number of items of this type that \ we already have in the hold, and add to A to see if \ we have enough room for A more units LDY QQ29 \ Set Y to the item number we want to add ADC QQ20,Y \ Set A = A + the number of units of this item that we \ already have in the hold CMP #200 \ Is the result greater than 200 (the limit on \ individual stocks of gold, platinum, gem-stones and \ alien items)? \ \ If so, this sets the C flag (no room) \ \ Otherwise it is clear (we have room) PLA \ Restore A from the stack RTS \ Return from the subroutine
Name: TT20 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Universe Summary: Twist the selected system's seeds four times Deep dive: Galaxy and system seeds
Twist the three 16-bit seeds in QQ15 (selected system) four times, to generate the next system.
.TT20 JSR P%+3 \ This line calls the line below as a subroutine, which \ does two twists before returning here, and then we \ fall through to the line below for another two \ twists, so the net effect of these two consecutive \ JSR calls is four twists, not counting the ones \ inside your head as you try to follow this process JSR P%+3 \ This line calls TT54 as a subroutine to do a twist, \ and then falls through into TT54 to do another twist \ before returning from the subroutine
Name: TT54 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Universe Summary: Twist the selected system's seeds Deep dive: Twisting the system seeds
This routine twists the three 16-bit seeds in QQ15 once.
.TT54 LDA QQ15 \ X = tmp_lo = w0_lo + w1_lo CLC ADC QQ15+2 TAX LDA QQ15+1 \ Y = tmp_hi = w1_hi + w1_hi + C ADC QQ15+3 TAY LDA QQ15+2 \ w0_lo = w1_lo STA QQ15 LDA QQ15+3 \ w0_hi = w1_hi STA QQ15+1 LDA QQ15+5 \ w1_hi = w2_hi STA QQ15+3 LDA QQ15+4 \ w1_lo = w2_lo STA QQ15+2 CLC \ w2_lo = X + w1_lo TXA ADC QQ15+2 STA QQ15+4 TYA \ w2_hi = Y + w1_hi + C ADC QQ15+3 STA QQ15+5 RTS \ The twist is complete so return from the subroutine
Name: TT146 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Text Summary: Print the distance to the selected system in light years
If it is non-zero, print the distance to the selected system in light years. If it is zero, just move the text cursor down a line. Specifically, if the distance in QQ8 is non-zero, print token 31 ("DISTANCE"), then a colon, then the distance to one decimal place, then token 35 ("LIGHT YEARS"). If the distance is zero, move the cursor down one line.
.TT146 LDA QQ8 \ Take the two bytes of the 16-bit value in QQ8 and ORA QQ8+1 \ OR them together to check whether there are any BNE TT63 \ non-zero bits, and if so, jump to TT63 to print the \ distance INC YC \ The distance is zero, so we just move the text cursor RTS \ in YC down by one line and return from the subroutine .TT63 LDA #191 \ Print recursive token 31 ("DISTANCE") followed by JSR TT68 \ a colon LDX QQ8 \ Load (Y X) from QQ8, which contains the 16-bit LDY QQ8+1 \ distance we want to show SEC \ Set the C flag so that the call to pr5 will include a \ decimal point, and display the value as (Y X) / 10 JSR pr5 \ Print (Y X) to 5 digits, including a decimal point LDA #195 \ Set A to the recursive token 35 (" LIGHT YEARS") and \ fall through into TT60 to print the token followed \ by a paragraph break
Name: TT60 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Text Summary: Print a text token and a paragraph break
Print a text token (i.e. a character, control code, two-letter token or recursive token). Then print a paragraph break (a blank line between paragraphs) by moving the cursor down a line, setting Sentence Case, and then printing a newline. Arguments: A The text token to be printed
.TT60 JSR TT27 \ Print the text token in A and fall through into TTX69 \ to print the paragraph break
Name: TTX69 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Text Summary: Print a paragraph break
Print a paragraph break (a blank line between paragraphs) by moving the cursor down a line, setting Sentence Case, and then printing a newline.
.TTX69 INC YC \ Move the text cursor down a line \ Fall through into TT69 to set Sentence Case and print \ a newline
Name: TT69 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Text Summary: Set Sentence Case and print a newline
.TT69 LDA #%10000000 \ Set bit 7 of QQ17 to switch to Sentence Case STA QQ17 \ Fall through into TT67 to print a newline
Name: TT67 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Text Summary: Print a newline
.TT67 LDA #13 \ Load a newline character into A JMP TT27 \ Print the text token in A and return from the \ subroutine using a tail call
Name: TT70 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Text Summary: Display "MAINLY " and jump to TT72
This subroutine is called by TT25 when displaying a system's economy.
.TT70 LDA #173 \ Print recursive token 13 ("MAINLY ") JSR TT27 JMP TT72 \ Jump to TT72 to continue printing system data as part \ of routine TT25
Name: spc [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Text Summary: Print a text token followed by a space
Print a text token (i.e. a character, control code, two-letter token or recursive token) followed by a space. Arguments: A The text token to be printed
.spc JSR TT27 \ Print the text token in A JMP TT162 \ Print a space and return from the subroutine using a \ tail call
Name: TT25 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Universe Summary: Show the Data on System screen (red key f6)
Other entry points: TT72 Used by TT70 to re-enter the routine after displaying "MAINLY" for the economy type
.TT25 JSR TT66-2 \ Clear the top part of the screen, draw a white border, \ and set the current view type in QQ11 to 1 LDA #9 \ Set the text cursor XC to column 9 STA XC LDA #163 \ Print recursive token 3 as a title in capitals at JSR TT27 \ the top ("DATA ON {selected system name}") JSR NLIN \ Draw a horizontal line underneath the title JSR TTX69 \ Print a paragraph break and set Sentence Case INC YC \ Move the text cursor down one more line JSR TT146 \ If the distance to this system is non-zero, print \ "DISTANCE", then the distance, "LIGHT YEARS" and a \ paragraph break, otherwise just move the cursor down \ a line LDA #194 \ Print recursive token 34 ("ECONOMY") followed by JSR TT68 \ a colon LDA QQ3 \ The system economy is determined by the value in QQ3, \ so fetch it into A. First we work out the system's \ prosperity as follows: \ \ QQ3 = 0 or 5 = %000 or %101 = Rich \ QQ3 = 1 or 6 = %001 or %110 = Average \ QQ3 = 2 or 7 = %010 or %111 = Poor \ QQ3 = 3 or 4 = %011 or %100 = Mainly CLC \ If (QQ3 + 1) >> 1 = %10, i.e. if QQ3 = %011 or %100 ADC #1 \ (3 or 4), then call TT70, which prints "MAINLY " and LSR A \ jumps down to TT72 to print the type of economy CMP #%00000010 BEQ TT70 LDA QQ3 \ The LSR A above shifted bit 0 of QQ3 into the C flag, BCC TT71 \ so this jumps to TT71 if bit 0 of QQ3 is 0, in other \ words if QQ3 = %000, %001 or %010 (0, 1 or 2) SBC #5 \ Here QQ3 = %101, %110 or %111 (5, 6 or 7), so subtract CLC \ 5 to bring it down to 0, 1 or 2 (the C flag is already \ set so the SBC will be correct) .TT71 ADC #170 \ A is now 0, 1 or 2, so print recursive token 10 + A. JSR TT27 \ This means that: \ \ QQ3 = 0 or 5 prints token 10 ("RICH ") \ QQ3 = 1 or 6 prints token 11 ("AVERAGE ") \ QQ3 = 2 or 7 prints token 12 ("POOR ") .TT72 LDA QQ3 \ Now to work out the type of economy, which is LSR A \ determined by bit 2 of QQ3, as follows: LSR A \ \ QQ3 bit 2 = 0 = Industrial \ QQ3 bit 2 = 1 = Agricultural \ \ So we fetch QQ3 into A and set A = bit 2 of QQ3 using \ two right shifts (which will work as QQ3 is only a \ 3-bit number) CLC \ Print recursive token 8 + A, followed by a paragraph ADC #168 \ break and Sentence Case, so: JSR TT60 \ \ QQ3 bit 2 = 0 prints token 8 ("INDUSTRIAL") \ QQ3 bit 2 = 1 prints token 9 ("AGRICULTURAL") LDA #162 \ Print recursive token 2 ("GOVERNMENT") followed by JSR TT68 \ a colon LDA QQ4 \ The system economy is determined by the value in QQ4, \ so fetch it into A CLC \ Print recursive token 17 + A, followed by a paragraph ADC #177 \ break and Sentence Case, so: JSR TT60 \ \ QQ4 = 0 prints token 17 ("ANARCHY") \ QQ4 = 1 prints token 18 ("FEUDAL") \ QQ4 = 2 prints token 19 ("MULTI-GOVERNMENT") \ QQ4 = 3 prints token 20 ("DICTATORSHIP") \ QQ4 = 4 prints token 21 ("COMMUNIST") \ QQ4 = 5 prints token 22 ("CONFEDERACY") \ QQ4 = 6 prints token 23 ("DEMOCRACY") \ QQ4 = 7 prints token 24 ("CORPORATE STATE") LDA #196 \ Print recursive token 36 ("TECH.LEVEL") followed by a JSR TT68 \ colon LDX QQ5 \ Fetch the tech level from QQ5 and increment it, as it INX \ is stored in the range 0-14 but the displayed range \ should be 1-15 CLC \ Call pr2 to print the technology level as a 3-digit JSR pr2 \ number without a decimal point (by clearing the C \ flag) JSR TTX69 \ Print a paragraph break and set Sentence Case LDA #192 \ Print recursive token 32 ("POPULATION") followed by a JSR TT68 \ colon SEC \ Call pr2 to print the population as a 3-digit number LDX QQ6 \ with a decimal point (by setting the C flag), so the JSR pr2 \ number printed will be population / 10 LDA #198 \ Print recursive token 38 (" BILLION"), followed by a JSR TT60 \ paragraph break and Sentence Case LDA #'(' \ Print an opening bracket JSR TT27 LDA QQ15+4 \ Now to calculate the species, so first check bit 7 of BMI TT75 \ w2_lo, and if it is set, jump to TT75 as this is an \ alien species LDA #188 \ Bit 7 of w2_lo is clear, so print recursive token 28 JSR TT27 \ ("HUMAN COLONIAL") JMP TT76 \ Jump to TT76 to print "S)" and a paragraph break, so \ the whole species string is "(HUMAN COLONIALS)" .TT75 LDA QQ15+5 \ This is an alien species, and we start with the first LSR A \ adjective, so fetch bits 2-7 of w2_hi into A and push LSR A \ onto the stack so we can use this later PHA AND #%00000111 \ Set A = bits 0-2 of A (so that's bits 2-4 of w2_hi) CMP #3 \ If A >= 3, jump to TT205 to skip the first adjective, BCS TT205 ADC #227 \ Otherwise A = 0, 1 or 2, so print recursive token JSR spc \ 67 + A, followed by a space, so: \ \ A = 0 prints token 67 ("LARGE") and a space \ A = 1 prints token 67 ("FIERCE") and a space \ A = 2 prints token 67 ("SMALL") and a space .TT205 PLA \ Now for the second adjective, so restore A to bits LSR A \ 2-7 of w2_hi, and throw away bits 2-4 to leave LSR A \ A = bits 5-7 of w2_hi LSR A CMP #6 \ If A >= 6, jump to TT206 to skip the second adjective BCS TT206 ADC #230 \ Otherwise A = 0 to 5, so print recursive token JSR spc \ 70 + A, followed by a space, so: \ \ A = 0 prints token 70 ("GREEN") and a space \ A = 1 prints token 71 ("RED") and a space \ A = 2 prints token 72 ("YELLOW") and a space \ A = 3 prints token 73 ("BLUE") and a space \ A = 4 prints token 74 ("BLACK") and a space \ A = 5 prints token 75 ("HARMLESS") and a space .TT206 LDA QQ15+3 \ Now for the third adjective, so EOR the high bytes of EOR QQ15+1 \ w0 and w1 and extract bits 0-2 of the result: AND #%00000111 \ STA QQ19 \ A = (w0_hi EOR w1_hi) AND %111 \ \ storing the result in QQ19 so we can use it later CMP #6 \ If A >= 6, jump to TT207 to skip the third adjective BCS TT207 ADC #236 \ Otherwise A = 0 to 5, so print recursive token JSR spc \ 76 + A, followed by a space, so: \ \ A = 0 prints token 76 ("SLIMY") and a space \ A = 1 prints token 77 ("BUG-EYED") and a space \ A = 2 prints token 78 ("HORNED") and a space \ A = 3 prints token 79 ("BONY") and a space \ A = 4 prints token 80 ("FAT") and a space \ A = 5 prints token 81 ("FURRY") and a space .TT207 LDA QQ15+5 \ Now for the actual species, so take bits 0-1 of AND #%00000011 \ w2_hi, add this to the value of A that we used for CLC \ the third adjective, and take bits 0-2 of the result ADC QQ19 AND #%00000111 ADC #242 \ A = 0 to 7, so print recursive token 82 + A, so: JSR TT27 \ \ A = 0 prints token 76 ("RODENT") \ A = 1 prints token 76 ("FROG") \ A = 2 prints token 76 ("LIZARD") \ A = 3 prints token 76 ("LOBSTER") \ A = 4 prints token 76 ("BIRD") \ A = 5 prints token 76 ("HUMANOID") \ A = 6 prints token 76 ("FELINE") \ A = 7 prints token 76 ("INSECT") .TT76 LDA #'S' \ Print an "S" to pluralise the species JSR TT27 LDA #')' \ And finally, print a closing bracket, followed by a JSR TT60 \ paragraph break and Sentence Case, to end the species \ section LDA #193 \ Print recursive token 33 ("GROSS PRODUCTIVITY"), JSR TT68 \ followed by colon LDX QQ7 \ Fetch the 16-bit productivity value from QQ7 into LDY QQ7+1 \ (Y X) JSR pr6 \ Print (Y X) to 5 digits with no decimal point JSR TT162 \ Print a space LDA #0 \ Set QQ17 = 0 to switch to ALL CAPS STA QQ17 LDA #'M' \ Print "M" JSR TT27 LDA #226 \ Print recursive token 66 (" CR"), followed by a JSR TT60 \ paragraph break and Sentence Case LDA #250 \ Print recursive token 90 ("AVERAGE RADIUS"), followed JSR TT68 \ by a colon \ The average radius is calculated like this: \ \ ((w2_hi AND %1111) + 11) * 256 + w1_hi \ \ or, in terms of memory locations: \ \ ((QQ15+5 AND %1111) + 11) * 256 + QQ15+3 \ \ Because the multiplication is by 256, this is the \ same as saying a 16-bit number, with high byte: \ \ (QQ15+5 AND %1111) + 11 \ \ and low byte: \ \ QQ15+3 \ \ so we can set this up in (Y X) and call the pr5 \ routine to print it out LDA QQ15+5 \ Set A = QQ15+5 LDX QQ15+3 \ Set X = QQ15+3 AND #%00001111 \ Set Y = (A AND %1111) + 11 CLC ADC #11 TAY JSR pr5 \ Print (Y X) to 5 digits, not including a decimal \ point, as the C flag will be clear (as the maximum \ radius will always fit into 16 bits) JSR TT162 \ Print a space LDA #'k' \ Print "km", returning from the subroutine using a JSR TT26 \ tail call LDA #'m' JMP TT26
Name: TT24 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Universe Summary: Calculate system data from the system seeds Deep dive: Generating system data
Calculate system data from the seeds in QQ15 and store them in the relevant locations. Specifically, this routine calculates the following from the three 16-bit seeds in QQ15 (using only w0_hi, w1_hi and w1_lo): QQ3 = economy (0-7) QQ4 = government (0-7) QQ5 = technology level (0-14) QQ6 = population * 10 (1-71) QQ7 = productivity (96-62480) The ranges of the various values are shown in brackets. Note that the radius and type of inhabitant are calculated on-the-fly in the TT25 routine when the system data gets displayed, so they aren't calculated here.
.TT24 LDA QQ15+1 \ Fetch w0_hi and extract bits 0-2 to determine the AND #%00000111 \ system's economy, and store in QQ3 STA QQ3 LDA QQ15+2 \ Fetch w1_lo and extract bits 3-5 to determine the LSR A \ system's government, and store in QQ4 LSR A LSR A AND #%00000111 STA QQ4 LSR A \ If government isn't anarchy or feudal, skip to TT77, BNE TT77 \ as we need to fix the economy of anarchy and feudal \ systems so they can't be rich LDA QQ3 \ Set bit 1 of the economy in QQ3 to fix the economy ORA #%00000010 \ for anarchy and feudal governments STA QQ3 .TT77 LDA QQ3 \ Now to work out the tech level, which we do like this: EOR #%00000111 \ CLC \ flipped_economy + (w1_hi AND %11) + (government / 2) STA QQ5 \ \ or, in terms of memory locations: \ \ QQ5 = (QQ3 EOR %111) + (QQ15+3 AND %11) + (QQ4 / 2) \ \ We start by setting QQ5 = QQ3 EOR %111 LDA QQ15+3 \ We then take the first 2 bits of w1_hi (QQ15+3) and AND #%00000011 \ add it into QQ5 ADC QQ5 STA QQ5 LDA QQ4 \ And finally we add QQ4 / 2 and store the result in LSR A \ QQ5, using LSR then ADC to divide by 2, which rounds ADC QQ5 \ up the result for odd-numbered government types STA QQ5 ASL A \ Now to work out the population, like so: ASL A \ ADC QQ3 \ (tech level * 4) + economy + government + 1 ADC QQ4 \ ADC #1 \ or, in terms of memory locations: STA QQ6 \ \ QQ6 = (QQ5 * 4) + QQ3 + QQ4 + 1 LDA QQ3 \ Finally, we work out productivity, like this: EOR #%00000111 \ ADC #3 \ (flipped_economy + 3) * (government + 4) STA P \ * population LDA QQ4 \ * 8 ADC #4 \ STA Q \ or, in terms of memory locations: JSR MULTU \ \ QQ7 = (QQ3 EOR %111 + 3) * (QQ4 + 4) * QQ6 * 8 \ \ We do the first step by setting P to the first \ expression in brackets and Q to the second, and \ calling MULTU, so now (A P) = P * Q. The highest this \ can be is 10 * 11 (as the maximum values of economy \ and government are 7), so the high byte of the result \ will always be 0, so we actually have: \ \ P = P * Q \ = (flipped_economy + 3) * (government + 4) LDA QQ6 \ We now take the result in P and multiply by the STA Q \ population to get the productivity, by setting Q to JSR MULTU \ the population from QQ6 and calling MULTU again, so \ now we have: \ \ (A P) = P * population ASL P \ Next we multiply the result by 8, as a 16-bit number, ROL A \ so we shift both bytes to the left three times, using ASL P \ the C flag to carry bits from bit 7 of the low byte ROL A \ into bit 0 of the high byte ASL P ROL A STA QQ7+1 \ Finally, we store the productivity in two bytes, with LDA P \ the low byte in QQ7 and the high byte in QQ7+1 STA QQ7 RTS \ Return from the subroutine
Name: TT22 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Charts Summary: Show the Long-range Chart (red key f4)
.TT22 LDA #64 \ Clear the top part of the screen, draw a white border, JSR TT66 \ and set the current view type in QQ11 to 32 (Long- \ range Chart) LDA #7 \ Move the text cursor to column 7 STA XC JSR TT81 \ Set the seeds in QQ15 to those of system 0 in the \ current galaxy (i.e. copy the seeds from QQ21 to QQ15) LDA #199 \ Print recursive token 39 ("GALACTIC CHART{galaxy JSR TT27 \ number right-aligned to width 3}") JSR NLIN \ Draw a horizontal line at pixel row 23 to box in the \ title and act as the top frame of the chart, and move \ the text cursor down one line LDA #152 \ Draw a screen-wide horizontal line at pixel row 152 JSR NLIN2 \ for the bottom edge of the chart, so the chart itself \ is 128 pixels high, starting on row 24 and ending on \ row 151 JSR TT14 \ Call TT14 to draw a circle with crosshairs at the \ current system's galactic coordinates LDX #0 \ We're now going to plot each of the galaxy's systems, \ so set up a counter in X for each system, starting at \ 0 and looping through to 255 .TT83 STX XSAV \ Store the counter in XSAV LDX QQ15+3 \ Fetch the w1_hi seed into X, which gives us the \ galactic x-coordinate of this system LDY QQ15+4 \ Fetch the w2_lo seed and clear all the bits apart TYA \ from bits 4 and 6, storing the result in ZZ to give a ORA #%01010000 \ random number out of 0, &10, &40 or &50 (but which STA ZZ \ will always be the same for this system). We use this \ value to determine the size of the point for this \ system on the chart by passing it as the distance \ argument to the PIXEL routine below LDA QQ15+1 \ Fetch the w0_hi seed into A, which gives us the \ galactic y-coordinate of this system LSR A \ We halve the y-coordinate because the galaxy in \ in Elite is rectangular rather than square, and is \ twice as wide (x-axis) as it is high (y-axis), so the \ chart is 256 pixels wide and 128 high CLC \ Add 24 to the halved y-coordinate and store in XX15+1 ADC #24 \ (as the top of the chart is on pixel row 24, just STA XX15+1 \ below the line we drew on row 23 above) JSR PIXEL \ Call PIXEL to draw a point at (X, A), with the size of \ the point dependent on the distance specified in ZZ \ (so a high value of ZZ will produce a 1-pixel point, \ a medium value will produce a 2-pixel dash, and a \ small value will produce a 4-pixel square) JSR TT20 \ We want to move on to the next system, so call TT20 \ to twist the three 16-bit seeds in QQ15 LDX XSAV \ Restore the loop counter from XSAV INX \ Increment the counter BNE TT83 \ If X > 0 then we haven't done all 256 systems yet, so \ loop back up to TT83 LDA QQ9 \ Set QQ19 to the selected system's x-coordinate STA QQ19 LDA QQ10 \ Set QQ19+1 to the selected system's y-coordinate, LSR A \ halved to fit it into the chart STA QQ19+1 LDA #4 \ Set QQ19+2 to size 4 for the crosshairs size STA QQ19+2 \ Fall through into TT15 to draw crosshairs of size 4 at \ the selected system's coordinates
Name: TT15 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Drawing lines Summary: Draw a set of crosshairs
For all views except the Short-range Chart, the centre is drawn 24 pixels to the right of the y-coordinate given. Arguments: QQ19 The pixel x-coordinate of the centre of the crosshairs QQ19+1 The pixel y-coordinate of the centre of the crosshairs QQ19+2 The size of the crosshairs
.TT15 LDA #24 \ Set A to 24, which we will use as the minimum \ screen indent for the crosshairs (i.e. the minimum \ distance from the top-left corner of the screen) LDX QQ11 \ If the current view is not the Short-range Chart, BPL P%+4 \ which is the only view with bit 7 set, then skip the \ following instruction LDA #0 \ This is the Short-range Chart, so set A to 0, so the \ crosshairs can go right up against the screen edges STA QQ19+5 \ Set QQ19+5 to A, which now contains the correct indent \ for this view LDA QQ19 \ Set A = crosshairs x-coordinate - crosshairs size SEC \ to get the x-coordinate of the left edge of the SBC QQ19+2 \ crosshairs BCS TT84 \ If the above subtraction didn't underflow, then A is \ positive, so skip the next instruction LDA #0 \ The subtraction underflowed, so set A to 0 so the \ crosshairs don't spill out of the left of the screen .TT84 \ In the following, the authors have used XX15 for \ temporary storage. XX15 shares location with X1, Y1, \ X2 and Y2, so in the following, you can consider \ the variables like this: \ \ XX15 is the same as X1 \ XX15+1 is the same as Y1 \ XX15+2 is the same as X2 \ XX15+3 is the same as Y2 \ \ Presumably this routine was written at a different \ time to the line-drawing routine, before the two \ workspaces were merged to save space STA XX15 \ Set XX15 (X1) = A (the x-coordinate of the left edge \ of the crosshairs) LDA QQ19 \ Set A = crosshairs x-coordinate + crosshairs size CLC \ to get the x-coordinate of the right edge of the ADC QQ19+2 \ crosshairs BCC P%+4 \ If the above addition didn't overflow, then A is \ correct, so skip the next instruction LDA #255 \ The addition overflowed, so set A to 255 so the \ crosshairs don't spill out of the right of the screen \ (as 255 is the x-coordinate of the rightmost pixel \ on-screen) STA XX15+2 \ Set XX15+2 (X2) = A (the x-coordinate of the right \ edge of the crosshairs) LDA QQ19+1 \ Set XX15+1 (Y1) = crosshairs y-coordinate + indent CLC \ to get the y-coordinate of the centre of the ADC QQ19+5 \ crosshairs STA XX15+1 JSR HLOIN \ Draw a horizontal line from (X1, Y1) to (X2, Y1), \ which will draw from the left edge of the crosshairs \ to the right edge, through the centre of the \ crosshairs LDA QQ19+1 \ Set A = crosshairs y-coordinate - crosshairs size SEC \ to get the y-coordinate of the top edge of the SBC QQ19+2 \ crosshairs BCS TT86 \ If the above subtraction didn't underflow, then A is \ correct, so skip the next instruction LDA #0 \ The subtraction underflowed, so set A to 0 so the \ crosshairs don't spill out of the top of the screen .TT86 CLC \ Set XX15+1 (Y1) = A + indent to get the y-coordinate ADC QQ19+5 \ of the top edge of the indented crosshairs STA XX15+1 LDA QQ19+1 \ Set A = crosshairs y-coordinate + crosshairs size CLC \ + indent to get the y-coordinate of the bottom edge ADC QQ19+2 \ of the indented crosshairs ADC QQ19+5 CMP #152 \ If A < 152 then skip the following, as the crosshairs BCC TT87 \ won't spill out of the bottom of the screen LDX QQ11 \ A >= 152, so we need to check whether this will fit in \ this view, so fetch the view number BMI TT87 \ If this is the Short-range Chart then the y-coordinate \ is fine, so skip to TT87 LDA #151 \ Otherwise this is the Long-range Chart, so we need to \ clip the crosshairs at a maximum y-coordinate of 151 .TT87 STA XX15+3 \ Set XX15+3 (Y2) = A (the y-coordinate of the bottom \ edge of the crosshairs) LDA QQ19 \ Set XX15 (X1) = the x-coordinate of the centre of the STA XX15 \ crosshairs STA XX15+2 \ Set XX15+2 (X2) = the x-coordinate of the centre of \ the crosshairs JMP LL30 \ Draw a vertical line (X1, Y1) to (X2, Y2), which will \ draw from the top edge of the crosshairs to the bottom \ edge, through the centre of the crosshairs, returning \ from the subroutine using a tail call
Name: TT14 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Drawing circles Summary: Draw a circle with crosshairs on a chart
Draw a circle with crosshairs at the current system's galactic coordinates.
.TT126 LDA #104 \ Set QQ19 = 104, for the x-coordinate of the centre of STA QQ19 \ the fixed circle on the Short-range Chart LDA #90 \ Set QQ19+1 = 90, for the y-coordinate of the centre of STA QQ19+1 \ the fixed circle on the Short-range Chart LDA #16 \ Set QQ19+2 = 16, the size of the crosshairs on the STA QQ19+2 \ Short-range Chart JSR TT15 \ Draw the set of crosshairs defined in QQ19, at the \ exact coordinates as this is the Short-range Chart LDA QQ14 \ Set K to the fuel level from QQ14, so this can act as STA K \ the circle's radius (70 being a full tank) JMP TT128 \ Jump to TT128 to draw a circle with the centre at the \ same coordinates as the crosshairs, (QQ19, QQ19+1), \ and radius K that reflects the current fuel levels, \ returning from the subroutine using a tail call .TT14 LDA QQ11 \ If the current view is the Short-range Chart, which BMI TT126 \ is the only view with bit 7 set, then jump up to TT126 \ to draw the crosshairs and circle for that view \ Otherwise this is the Long-range Chart, so we draw the \ crosshairs and circle for that view instead LDA QQ14 \ Set K to the fuel level from QQ14 divided by 4, so LSR A \ this can act as the circle's radius (70 being a full LSR A \ tank, which divides down to a radius of 17) STA K LDA QQ0 \ Set QQ19 to the x-coordinate of the current system, STA QQ19 \ which will be the centre of the circle and crosshairs \ we draw LDA QQ1 \ Set QQ19+1 to the y-coordinate of the current system, LSR A \ halved because the galactic chart is half as high as STA QQ19+1 \ it is wide, which will again be the centre of the \ circle and crosshairs we draw LDA #7 \ Set QQ19+2 = 7, the size of the crosshairs on the STA QQ19+2 \ Long-range Chart JSR TT15 \ Draw the set of crosshairs defined in QQ19, which will \ be drawn 24 pixels to the right of QQ19+1 LDA QQ19+1 \ Add 24 to the y-coordinate of the crosshairs in QQ19+1 CLC \ so that the centre of the circle matches the centre ADC #24 \ of the crosshairs STA QQ19+1 \ Fall through into TT128 to draw a circle with the \ centre at the same coordinates as the crosshairs, \ (QQ19, QQ19+1), and radius K that reflects the \ current fuel levels
Name: TT128 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Drawing circles Summary: Draw a circle on a chart
Draw a circle with the centre at (QQ19, QQ19+1) and radius K. Arguments: QQ19 The x-coordinate of the centre of the circle QQ19+1 The y-coordinate of the centre of the circle K The radius of the circle
.TT128 LDA QQ19 \ Set K3 = the x-coordinate of the centre STA K3 LDA QQ19+1 \ Set K4 = the y-coordinate of the centre STA K4 LDX #0 \ Set the high bytes of K3(1 0) and K4(1 0) to 0 STX K4+1 STX K3+1 \STX LSX \ This instruction is commented out in the original \ source INX \ Set LSP = 1 to reset the ball line heap STX LSP LDX #2 \ Set STP = 2, the step size for the circle STX STP JSR CIRCLE2 \ Call CIRCLE2 to draw a circle with the centre at \ (K3(1 0), K4(1 0)) and radius K \LDA #&FF \ These instructions are commented out in the original \STA LSX \ source RTS \ Return from the subroutine
Name: TT219 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Market Summary: Show the Buy Cargo screen (red key f1)
Other entry points: BAY2 Jump into the main loop at FRCE, setting the key "pressed" to red key f9 (so we show the Inventory screen)
.TT219 \LDA#2 \ This instruction is commented out in the original \ source. Perhaps this view originally had a QQ11 value \ of 2, but it turned out not to need its own unique ID, \ so the authors found they could just use a view value \ of 1 and save an instruction at the same time? JSR TT66-2 \ Clear the top part of the screen, draw a white border, \ and set the current view type in QQ11 to 1 JSR TT163 \ Print the column headers for the prices table LDA #%10000000 \ Set bit 7 of QQ17 to switch to Sentence Case, with the STA QQ17 \ next letter in capitals \JSR FLKB \ This instruction is commented out in the original \ source. It calls a routine to flush the keyboard \ buffer (FLKB) that isn't present in the cassette \ version but is in the disc version LDA #0 \ We're going to loop through all the available market STA QQ29 \ items, so we set up a counter in QQ29 to denote the \ current item and start it at 0 .TT220 JSR TT151 \ Call TT151 to print the item name, market price and \ availability of the current item, and set QQ24 to the \ item's price / 4, QQ25 to the quantity available and \ QQ19+1 to byte #1 from the market prices table for \ this item LDA QQ25 \ If there are some of the current item available, jump BNE TT224 \ to TT224 below to see if we want to buy any JMP TT222 \ Otherwise there are none available, so jump down to \ TT222 to skip this item .TQ4 LDY #176 \ Set Y to the recursive token 16 ("QUANTITY") .Tc JSR TT162 \ Print a space TYA \ Print the recursive token in Y followed by a question JSR prq \ mark .TTX224 JSR dn2 \ Call dn2 to make a short, high beep and delay for 1 \ second .TT224 JSR CLYNS \ Clear the bottom three text rows of the upper screen, \ and move the text cursor to column 1 on row 21, i.e. \ the start of the top row of the three bottom rows LDA #204 \ Print recursive token 44 ("QUANTITY OF ") JSR TT27 LDA QQ29 \ Print recursive token 48 + QQ29, which will be in the CLC \ range 48 ("FOOD") to 64 ("ALIEN ITEMS"), so this ADC #208 \ prints the current item's name JSR TT27 LDA #'/' \ Print "/" JSR TT27 JSR TT152 \ Print the unit ("t", "kg" or "g") for the current item \ (as the call to TT151 above set QQ19+1 with the \ appropriate value) LDA #'?' \ Print "?" JSR TT27 JSR TT67 \ Print a newline LDX #0 \ These instructions have no effect, as they are STX R \ repeated at the start of gnum, which we call next. LDX #12 \ Perhaps they were left behind when code was moved from STX T1 \ here into gnum, and weren't deleted? \.TT223 \ This label is commented out in the original source, \ and is a duplicate of a label in gnum, so this could \ also be a remnant if the code in gnum was originally \ here, but got moved into the gnum subroutine JSR gnum \ Call gnum to get a number from the keyboard, which \ will be the quantity of this item we want to purchase, \ returning the number entered in A and R BCS TQ4 \ If gnum set the C flag, the number entered is greater \ then the quantity available, so jump up to TQ4 to \ display a "Quantity?" error, beep, clear the number \ and try again STA P \ Otherwise we have a valid purchase quantity entered, \ so store the amount we want to purchase in P JSR tnpr \ Call tnpr to work out whether there is room in the \ cargo hold for this item LDY #206 \ If the C flag is set, then there is no room in the BCS Tc \ cargo hold, so set Y to the recursive token 46 \ (" CARGO{switch to sentence case}") and jump up to \ Tc to print a "Cargo?" error, beep, clear the number \ and try again LDA QQ24 \ There is room in the cargo hold, so now to check STA Q \ whether we have enough cash, so fetch the item's \ price / 4, which was returned in QQ24 by the call \ to TT151 above and store it in Q JSR GCASH \ Call GCASH to calculate \ \ (Y X) = P * Q * 4 \ \ which will be the total price of this transaction \ (as P contains the purchase quantity and Q contains \ the item's price / 4) JSR LCASH \ Subtract (Y X) cash from the cash pot in CASH LDY #197 \ If the C flag is clear, we didn't have enough cash, BCC Tc \ so set Y to the recursive token 37 ("CASH") and jump \ up to Tc to print a "Cash?" error, beep, clear the \ number and try again LDY QQ29 \ Fetch the current market item number from QQ29 into Y LDA R \ Set A to the number of items we just purchased (this \ was set by gnum above) PHA \ Store the quantity just purchased on the stack CLC \ Add the number purchased to the Y-th byte of QQ20, ADC QQ20,Y \ which contains the number of items of this type in STA QQ20,Y \ our hold (so this transfers the bought items into our \ cargo hold) LDA AVL,Y \ Subtract the number of items from the Y-th byte of SEC \ AVL, which contains the number of items of this type SBC R \ that are available on the market STA AVL,Y PLA \ Restore the quantity just purchased BEQ TT222 \ If we didn't buy anything, jump to TT222 to skip the \ following instruction JSR dn \ Call dn to print the amount of cash left in the cash \ pot, then make a short, high beep to confirm the \ purchase, and delay for 1 second .TT222 LDA QQ29 \ Move the text cursor to row QQ29 + 5 (where QQ29 is CLC \ the item number, starting from 0) ADC #5 STA YC LDA #0 \ Move the text cursor to column 0 STA XC INC QQ29 \ Increment QQ29 to point to the next item LDA QQ29 \ If QQ29 >= 17 then jump to BAY2 as we have done the CMP #17 \ last item BCS BAY2 JMP TT220 \ Otherwise loop back to TT220 to print the next market \ item .BAY2 LDA #f9 \ Jump into the main loop at FRCE, setting the key JMP FRCE \ "pressed" to red key f9 (so we show the Inventory \ screen)
Name: gnum [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Market Summary: Get a number from the keyboard
Get a number from the keyboard, up to the maximum number in QQ25. Pressing a key with an ASCII code less than ASCII "0" will return a 0 in A (so that includes pressing Space or Return), while pressing a key with an ASCII code greater than ASCII "9" will jump to the Inventory screen (so that includes all letters and most punctuation). Arguments: QQ25 The maximum number allowed Returns: A The number entered R Also contains the number entered C flag Set if the number is too large (> QQ25), clear otherwise
.gnum LDX #0 \ We will build the number entered in R, so initialise STX R \ it with 0 LDX #12 \ We will check for up to 12 key presses, so set a STX T1 \ counter in T1 .TT223 JSR TT217 \ Scan the keyboard until a key is pressed, and return \ the key's ASCII code in A (and X) STA Q \ Store the key pressed in Q SEC \ Subtract ASCII '0' from the key pressed, to leave the SBC #'0' \ numeric value of the key in A (if it was a number key) BCC OUT \ If A < 0, jump to OUT to return from the subroutine \ with a result of 0, as the key pressed was not a \ number or letter and is less than ASCII "0" CMP #10 \ If A >= 10, jump to BAY2 to display the Inventory BCS BAY2 \ screen, as the key pressed was a letter or other \ non-digit and is greater than ASCII "9" STA S \ Store the numeric value of the key pressed in S LDA R \ Fetch the result so far into A CMP #26 \ If A >= 26, where A is the number entered so far, then BCS OUT \ adding a further digit will make it bigger than 256, \ so jump to OUT to return from the subroutine with the \ result in R (i.e. ignore the last key press) ASL A \ Set A = (A * 2) + (A * 8) = A * 10 STA T ASL A ASL A ADC T ADC S \ Add the pressed digit to A and store in R, so R now STA R \ contains its previous value with the new key press \ tacked onto the end CMP QQ25 \ If the result in R = the maximum allowed in QQ25, jump BEQ TT226 \ to TT226 to print the key press and keep looping (the \ BEQ is needed because the BCS below would jump to OUT \ if R >= QQ25, which we don't want) BCS OUT \ If the result in R > QQ25, jump to OUT to return from \ the subroutine with the result in R .TT226 LDA Q \ Print the character in Q (i.e. the key that was JSR TT26 \ pressed, as we stored the ASCII value in Q earlier) DEC T1 \ Decrement the loop counter BNE TT223 \ Loop back to TT223 until we have checked for 12 digits .OUT LDA R \ Set A to the result we have been building in R RTS \ Return from the subroutine
Name: TT208 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Market Summary: Show the Sell Cargo screen (red key f2)
.TT208 LDA #4 \ Clear the top part of the screen, draw a white border, JSR TT66 \ and set the current view type in QQ11 to 4 (Sell \ Cargo screen) LDA #4 \ Move the text cursor to row 4, column 4 STA YC STA XC \JSR FLKB \ This instruction is commented out in the original \ source. It calls a routine to flush the keyboard \ buffer (FLKB) that isn't present in the cassette \ version but is in the disc version LDA #205 \ Print recursive token 45 ("SELL") JSR TT27 LDA #206 \ Print recursive token 46 (" CARGO{switch to sentence JSR TT68 \ case}") followed by a colon \ Fall through into TT210 to show the Inventory screen \ with the option to sell
Name: TT210 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Inventory Summary: Show a list of current cargo in our hold, optionally to sell
Show a list of current cargo in our hold, either with the ability to sell (the Sell Cargo screen) or without (the Inventory screen), depending on the current view. Arguments: QQ11 The current view: * 4 = Sell Cargo * 8 = Inventory
.TT210 LDY #0 \ We're going to loop through all the available market \ items and check whether we have any in the hold (and, \ if we are in the Sell Cargo screen, whether we want \ to sell any items), so we set up a counter in Y to \ denote the current item and start it at 0 .TT211 STY QQ29 \ Store the current item number in QQ29 LDX QQ20,Y \ Fetch into X the amount of the current item that we BEQ TT212 \ have in our cargo hold, which is stored in QQ20+Y, \ and if there are no items of this type in the hold, \ jump down to TT212 to skip to the next item TYA \ Set Y = Y * 4, so this will act as an index into the ASL A \ market prices table at QQ23 for this item (as there ASL A \ are four bytes per item in the table) TAY LDA QQ23+1,Y \ Fetch byte #1 from the market prices table for the STA QQ19+1 \ current item and store it in QQ19+1, for use by the \ call to TT152 below TXA \ Store the amount of item in the hold (in X) on the PHA \ stack JSR TT69 \ Call TT69 to set Sentence Case and print a newline CLC \ Print recursive token 48 + QQ29, which will be in the LDA QQ29 \ range 48 ("FOOD") to 64 ("ALIEN ITEMS"), so this ADC #208 \ prints the current item's name JSR TT27 LDA #14 \ Set the text cursor to column 14, for the item's STA XC \ quantity PLA \ Restore the amount of item in the hold into X TAX CLC \ Print the 8-bit number in X to 3 digits, without a JSR pr2 \ decimal point JSR TT152 \ Print the unit ("t", "kg" or "g") for the market item \ whose byte #1 from the market prices table is in \ QQ19+1 (which we set up above) LDA QQ11 \ If the current view type in QQ11 is not 4 (Sell Cargo CMP #4 \ screen), jump to TT212 to skip the option to sell BNE TT212 \ items LDA #205 \ Set A to recursive token 45 ("SELL") JSR TT214 \ Call TT214 to print "Sell(Y/N)?" and return the \ response in the C flag BCC TT212 \ If the response was "no", jump to TT212 to move on to \ the next item LDA QQ29 \ We are selling this item, so fetch the item number \ from QQ29 LDX #255 \ Set QQ17 = 255 to disable printing STX QQ17 JSR TT151 \ Call TT151 to set QQ24 to the item's price / 4 (the \ routine doesn't print the item details, as we just \ disabled printing) LDY QQ29 \ Set P to the amount of this item we have in our cargo LDA QQ20,Y \ hold (which is the amount to sell) STA P LDA QQ24 \ Set Q to the item's price / 4 STA Q JSR GCASH \ Call GCASH to calculate \ \ (Y X) = P * Q * 4 \ \ which will be the total price we make from this sale \ (as P contains the quantity we're selling and Q \ contains the item's price / 4) JSR MCASH \ Add (Y X) cash to the cash pot in CASH LDA #0 \ We've made the sale, so set the amount LDY QQ29 STA QQ20,Y STA QQ17 \ Set QQ17 = 0, which enables printing again .TT212 LDY QQ29 \ Fetch the item number from QQ29 into Y, and increment INY \ Y to point to the next item CPY #17 \ If A >= 17 then skip the next instruction as we have BCS P%+5 \ done the last item JMP TT211 \ Otherwise loop back to TT211 to print the next item \ in the hold LDA QQ11 \ If the current view type in QQ11 is not 4 (Sell Cargo CMP #4 \ screen), skip the next two instructions and just BNE P%+8 \ return from the subroutine JSR dn2 \ This is the Sell Cargo screen, so call dn2 to make a \ short, high beep and delay for 1 second JMP BAY2 \ And then jump to BAY2 to display the Inventory \ screen, as we have finished selling cargo RTS \ Return from the subroutine
Name: TT213 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Inventory Summary: Show the Inventory screen (red key f9)
.TT213 LDA #8 \ Clear the top part of the screen, draw a white border, JSR TT66 \ and set the current view type in QQ11 to 8 (Inventory \ screen) LDA #11 \ Move the text cursor to column 11 to print the screen STA XC \ title LDA #164 \ Print recursive token 4 ("INVENTORY{crlf}") followed JSR TT60 \ by a paragraph break and Sentence Case JSR NLIN4 \ Draw a horizontal line at pixel row 19 to box in the \ title. The authors could have used a call to NLIN3 \ instead and saved the above call to TT60, but you \ just can't optimise everything JSR fwl \ Call fwl to print the fuel and cash levels on two \ separate lines LDA CRGO \ If our ship's cargo capacity is < 26 (i.e. we do not CMP #26 \ have a cargo bay extension), skip the following two BCC P%+7 \ instructions LDA #107 \ We do have a cargo bay extension, so print recursive JSR TT27 \ token 107 ("LARGE CARGO{switch to sentence case} \ BAY") JMP TT210 \ Jump to TT210 to print the contents of our cargo bay \ and return from the subroutine using a tail call
Name: TT214 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Inventory Summary: Ask a question with a "Y/N?" prompt and return the response
Arguments: A The text token to print before the "Y/N?" prompt Returns: C flag Set if the response was "yes", clear otherwise
.TT214 PHA \ Print a space, using the stack to preserve the value JSR TT162 \ of A PLA .TT221 JSR TT27 \ Print the text token in A LDA #225 \ Print recursive token 65 ("(Y/N)?") JSR TT27 JSR TT217 \ Scan the keyboard until a key is pressed, and return \ the key's ASCII code in A and X ORA #%00100000 \ Set bit 5 in the value of the key pressed, which \ converts it to lower case CMP #'y' \ If "y" was pressed, jump to TT218 BEQ TT218 LDA #'n' \ Otherwise jump to TT26 to print "n" and return from JMP TT26 \ the subroutine using a tail call (so all other \ responses apart from "y" indicate a no) .TT218 JSR TT26 \ Print the character in A, i.e. print "y" SEC \ Set the C flag to indicate a "yes" response RTS
Name: TT16 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Charts Summary: Move the crosshairs on a chart
Move the chart crosshairs by the amount in X and Y. Arguments: X The amount to move the crosshairs in the x-axis Y The amount to move the crosshairs in the y-axis
.TT16 TXA \ Push the change in X onto the stack (let's call this PHA \ the x-delta) DEY \ Negate the change in Y and push it onto the stack TYA \ (let's call this the y-delta) EOR #255 PHA JSR WSCAN \ Call WSCAN to wait for the vertical sync, so the whole \ screen gets drawn and we can move the crosshairs with \ no screen flicker JSR TT103 \ Draw small crosshairs at coordinates (QQ9, QQ10), \ which will erase the crosshairs currently there PLA \ Store the y-delta in QQ19+3 and fetch the current STA QQ19+3 \ y-coordinate of the crosshairs from QQ10 into A, ready LDA QQ10 \ for the call to TT123 JSR TT123 \ Call TT123 to move the selected system's galactic \ y-coordinate by the y-delta, putting the new value in \ QQ19+4 LDA QQ19+4 \ Store the updated y-coordinate in QQ10 (the current STA QQ10 \ y-coordinate of the crosshairs) STA QQ19+1 \ This instruction has no effect, as QQ19+1 is \ overwritten below, both in TT103 and TT105 PLA \ Store the x-delta in QQ19+3 and fetch the current STA QQ19+3 \ x-coordinate of the crosshairs from QQ10 into A, ready LDA QQ9 \ for the call to TT123 JSR TT123 \ Call TT123 to move the selected system's galactic \ x-coordinate by the x-delta, putting the new value in \ QQ19+4 LDA QQ19+4 \ Store the updated x-coordinate in QQ9 (the current STA QQ9 \ x-coordinate of the crosshairs) STA QQ19 \ This instruction has no effect, as QQ19 is overwritten \ below, both in TT103 and TT105 \ Now we've updated the coordinates of the crosshairs, \ fall through into TT103 to redraw them at their new \ location
Name: TT103 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Charts Summary: Draw a small set of crosshairs on a chart
Draw a small set of crosshairs on a galactic chart at the coordinates in (QQ9, QQ10).
.TT103 LDA QQ11 \ Fetch the current view type into A BEQ TT180 \ If this is a space view, return from the subroutine \ (as TT180 contains an RTS), as there are no moveable \ crosshairs in space BMI TT105 \ If this is the Short-range Chart screen, jump to TT105 LDA QQ9 \ Store the crosshairs x-coordinate in QQ19 STA QQ19 LDA QQ10 \ Halve the crosshairs y-coordinate and store it in QQ19 LSR A \ (we halve it because the Long-range Chart is half as STA QQ19+1 \ high as it is wide) LDA #4 \ Set QQ19+2 to 4 denote crosshairs of size 4 STA QQ19+2 JMP TT15 \ Jump to TT15 to draw crosshairs of size 4 at the \ crosshairs coordinates, returning from the subroutine \ using a tail call
Name: TT123 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Charts Summary: Move galactic coordinates by a signed delta
Move an 8-bit galactic coordinate by a certain distance in either direction (i.e. a signed 8-bit delta), but only if it doesn't cause the coordinate to overflow. The coordinate is in a single axis, so it's either an x-coordinate or a y-coordinate. Arguments: A The galactic coordinate to update QQ19+3 The delta (can be positive or negative) Returns: QQ19+4 The updated coordinate after moving by the delta (this will be the same as A if moving by the delta overflows) Other entry points: TT180 Contains an RTS
.TT123 STA QQ19+4 \ Store the original coordinate in temporary storage at \ QQ19+4 CLC \ Set A = A + QQ19+3, so A now contains the original ADC QQ19+3 \ coordinate, moved by the delta LDX QQ19+3 \ If the delta is negative, jump to TT124 BMI TT124 BCC TT125 \ If the C flag is clear, then the above addition didn't \ overflow, so jump to TT125 to return the updated value RTS \ Otherwise the C flag is set and the above addition \ overflowed, so do not update the return value .TT124 BCC TT180 \ If the C flag is clear, then because the delta is \ negative, this indicates the addition (which is \ effectively a subtraction) underflowed, so jump to \ TT180 to return from the subroutine without updating \ the return value .TT125 STA QQ19+4 \ Store the updated coordinate in QQ19+4 .TT180 RTS \ Return from the subroutine
Name: TT105 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Charts Summary: Draw crosshairs on the Short-range Chart, with clipping
Check whether the crosshairs are close enough to the current system to appear on the Short-range Chart, and if so, draw them.
.TT105 LDA QQ9 \ Set A = QQ9 - QQ0, the horizontal distance between the SEC \ crosshairs (QQ9) and the current system (QQ0) SBC QQ0 CMP #38 \ If the horizontal distance in A is < 38, then the BCC TT179 \ crosshairs are close enough to the current system to \ appear in the Short-range Chart, so jump to TT179 to \ check the vertical distance CMP #230 \ If the horizontal distance in A is < -26, then the BCC TT180 \ crosshairs are too far from the current system to \ appear in the Short-range Chart, so jump to TT180 to \ return from the subroutine (as TT180 contains an RTS) .TT179 ASL A \ Set QQ19 = 104 + A * 4 ASL A \ CLC \ 104 is the x-coordinate of the centre of the chart, ADC #104 \ so this sets QQ19 to the screen pixel x-coordinate STA QQ19 \ of the crosshairs LDA QQ10 \ Set A = QQ10 - QQ1, the vertical distance between the SEC \ crosshairs (QQ10) and the current system (QQ1) SBC QQ1 CMP #38 \ If the vertical distance in A is < 38, then the BCC P%+6 \ crosshairs are close enough to the current system to \ appear in the Short-range Chart, so skip the next two \ instructions CMP #220 \ If the horizontal distance in A is < -36, then the BCC TT180 \ crosshairs are too far from the current system to \ appear in the Short-range Chart, so jump to TT180 to \ return from the subroutine (as TT180 contains an RTS) ASL A \ Set QQ19+1 = 90 + A * 2 CLC \ ADC #90 \ 90 is the y-coordinate of the centre of the chart, STA QQ19+1 \ so this sets QQ19+1 to the screen pixel x-coordinate \ of the crosshairs LDA #8 \ Set QQ19+2 to 8 denote crosshairs of size 8 STA QQ19+2 JMP TT15 \ Jump to TT15 to draw crosshairs of size 8 at the \ crosshairs coordinates, returning from the subroutine \ using a tail call
Name: TT23 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Charts Summary: Show the Short-range Chart (red key f5)
.TT23 LDA #128 \ Clear the top part of the screen, draw a white border, JSR TT66 \ and set the current view type in QQ11 to 128 (Short- \ range Chart) LDA #7 \ Move the text cursor to column 7 STA XC LDA #190 \ Print recursive token 30 ("SHORT RANGE CHART") and JSR NLIN3 \ draw a horizontal line at pixel row 19 to box in the \ title JSR TT14 \ Call TT14 to draw a circle with crosshairs at the \ current system's galactic coordinates JSR TT103 \ Draw small crosshairs at coordinates (QQ9, QQ10), \ i.e. at the selected system JSR TT81 \ Set the seeds in QQ15 to those of system 0 in the \ current galaxy (i.e. copy the seeds from QQ21 to QQ15) LDA #0 \ Set A = 0, which we'll use below to zero out the INWK \ workspace STA XX20 \ We're about to start working our way through each of \ the galaxy's systems, so set up a counter in XX20 for \ each system, starting at 0 and looping through to 255 LDX #24 \ First, though, we need to zero out the 25 bytes at \ INWK so we can use them to work out which systems have \ room for a label, so set a counter in X for 25 bytes .EE3 STA INWK,X \ Set the X-th byte of INWK to zero DEX \ Decrement the counter BPL EE3 \ Loop back to EE3 for the next byte until we've zeroed \ all 25 bytes \ We now loop through every single system in the galaxy \ and check the distance from the current system whose \ coordinates are in (QQ0, QQ1). We get the galactic \ coordinates of each system from the system's seeds, \ like this: \ \ x = w1_hi (which is stored in QQ15+3) \ y = w0_hi (which is stored in QQ15+1) \ \ so the following loops through each system in the \ galaxy in turn and calculates the distance between \ (QQ0, QQ1) and (w1_hi, w0_hi) to find the closest one .TT182 LDA QQ15+3 \ Set A = w1_hi - QQ0, the horizontal distance between SEC \ (w1_hi, w0_hi) and (QQ0, QQ1) SBC QQ0 BCS TT184 \ If a borrow didn't occur, i.e. w1_hi >= QQ0, then the \ result is positive, so jump to TT184 and skip the \ following two instructions EOR #&FF \ Otherwise negate the result in A, so A is always ADC #1 \ positive (i.e. A = |w1_hi - QQ0|) .TT184 CMP #20 \ If the horizontal distance in A is >= 20, then this BCS TT187 \ system is too far away from the current system to \ appear in the Short-range Chart, so jump to TT187 to \ move on to the next system LDA QQ15+1 \ Set A = w0_hi - QQ1, the vertical distance between SEC \ (w1_hi, w0_hi) and (QQ0, QQ1) SBC QQ1 BCS TT186 \ If a borrow didn't occur, i.e. w0_hi >= QQ1, then the \ result is positive, so jump to TT186 and skip the \ following two instructions EOR #&FF \ Otherwise negate the result in A, so A is always ADC #1 \ positive (i.e. A = |w0_hi - QQ1|) .TT186 CMP #38 \ If the vertical distance in A is >= 38, then this BCS TT187 \ system is too far away from the current system to \ appear in the Short-range Chart, so jump to TT187 to \ move on to the next system \ This system should be shown on the Short-range Chart, \ so now we need to work out where the label should go, \ and set up the various variables we need to draw the \ system's filled circle on the chart LDA QQ15+3 \ Set A = w1_hi - QQ0, the horizontal distance between SEC \ this system and the current system, where |A| < 20. SBC QQ0 \ Let's call this the x-delta, as it's the horizontal \ difference between the current system at the centre of \ the chart, and this system (and this time we keep the \ sign of A, so it can be negative if it's to the left \ of the chart's centre, or positive if it's to the \ right) ASL A \ Set XX12 = 104 + x-delta * 4 ASL A \ ADC #104 \ 104 is the x-coordinate of the centre of the chart, STA XX12 \ so this sets XX12 to the centre 104 +/- 76, the pixel \ x-coordinate of this system LSR A \ Move the text cursor to column x-delta / 2 + 1 LSR A \ which will be in the range 1-10 LSR A STA XC INC XC LDA QQ15+1 \ Set A = w0_hi - QQ1, the vertical distance between SEC \ this system and the current system, where |A| < 38. SBC QQ1 \ Let's call this the y-delta, as it's the vertical \ difference between the current system at the centre of \ the chart, and this system (and this time we keep the \ sign of A, so it can be negative if it's above the \ chart's centre, or positive if it's below) ASL A \ Set K4 = 90 + y-delta * 2 ADC #90 \ STA K4 \ 90 is the y-coordinate of the centre of the chart, \ so this sets K4 to the centre 90 +/- 74, the pixel \ y-coordinate of this system LSR A \ Set Y = K4 / 8, so Y contains the number of the text LSR A \ row that contains this system LSR A TAY \ Now to see if there is room for this system's label. \ Ideally we would print the system name on the same \ text row as the system, but we only want to print one \ label per row, to prevent overlap, so now we check \ this system's row, and if that's already occupied, \ the row above, and if that's already occupied, the \ row below... and if that's already occupied, we give \ up and don't print a label for this system LDX INWK,Y \ If the value in INWK+Y is 0 (i.e. the text row BEQ EE4 \ containing this system does not already have another \ system's label on it), jump to EE4 to store this \ system's label on this row INY \ If the value in INWK+Y+1 is 0 (i.e. the text row below LDX INWK,Y \ the one containing this system does not already have BEQ EE4 \ another system's label on it), jump to EE4 to store \ this system's label on this row DEY \ If the value in INWK+Y-1 is 0 (i.e. the text row above DEY \ the one containing this system does not already have LDX INWK,Y \ another system's label on it), fall through into to BNE ee1 \ EE4 to store this system's label on this row, \ otherwise jump to ee1 to skip printing a label for \ this system (as there simply isn't room) .EE4 STY YC \ Now to print the label, so move the text cursor to row \ Y (which contains the row where we can print this \ system's label) CPY #3 \ If Y < 3, then the label would clash with the chart BCC TT187 \ title, so jump to TT187 to skip printing the label DEX \ We entered the EE4 routine with X = 0, so this stores STX INWK,Y \ &FF in INWK+Y, to denote that this row is now occupied \ so we don't try to print another system's label on \ this row LDA #%10000000 \ Set bit 7 of QQ17 to switch to Sentence Case STA QQ17 JSR cpl \ Call cpl to print out the system name for the seeds \ in QQ15 (which now contains the seeds for the current \ system) .ee1 LDA #0 \ Now to plot the star, so set the high bytes of K, K3 STA K3+1 \ and K4 to 0 STA K4+1 STA K+1 LDA XX12 \ Set the low byte of K3 to XX12, the pixel x-coordinate STA K3 \ of this system LDA QQ15+5 \ Fetch w2_hi for this system from QQ15+5, extract bit 0 AND #1 \ and add 2 to get the size of the star, which we store ADC #2 \ in K. This will be either 2, 3 or 4, depending on the STA K \ value of bit 0, and whether the C flag is set (which \ will vary depending on what happens in the above call \ to cpl). Incidentally, the planet's average radius \ also uses w2_hi, bits 0-3 to be precise, but that \ doesn't mean the two sizes affect each other \ We now have the following: \ \ K(1 0) = radius of star (2, 3 or 4) \ \ K3(1 0) = pixel x-coordinate of system \ \ K4(1 0) = pixel y-coordinate of system \ \ which we can now pass to the SUN routine to draw a \ small "sun" on the Short-range Chart for this system JSR FLFLLS \ Call FLFLLS to reset the LSO block JSR SUN \ Call SUN to plot a sun with radius K at pixel \ coordinate (K3, K4) JSR FLFLLS \ Call FLFLLS to reset the LSO block .TT187 JSR TT20 \ We want to move on to the next system, so call TT20 \ to twist the three 16-bit seeds in QQ15 INC XX20 \ Increment the counter BEQ TT111-1 \ If X = 0 then we have done all 256 systems, so return \ from the subroutine (as TT111-1 contains an RTS) JMP TT182 \ Otherwise jump back up to TT182 to process the next \ system
Name: TT81 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Universe Summary: Set the selected system's seeds to those of system 0
Copy the three 16-bit seeds for the current galaxy's system 0 (QQ21) into the seeds for the selected system (QQ15) - in other words, set the selected system's seeds to those of system 0.
.TT81 LDX #5 \ Set up a counter in X to copy six bytes (for three \ 16-bit numbers) LDA QQ21,X \ Copy the X-th byte in QQ21 to the X-th byte in QQ15 STA QQ15,X DEX \ Decrement the counter BPL TT81+2 \ Loop back up to the LDA instruction if we still have \ more bytes to copy RTS \ Return from the subroutine
Name: TT111 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Universe Summary: Set the current system to the nearest system to a point
Given a set of galactic coordinates in (QQ9, QQ10), find the nearest system to this point in the galaxy, and set this as the currently selected system. Arguments: QQ9 The x-coordinate near which we want to find a system QQ10 The y-coordinate near which we want to find a system Returns: QQ8(1 0) The distance from the current system to the nearest system to the original coordinates QQ9 The x-coordinate of the nearest system to the original coordinates QQ10 The y-coordinate of the nearest system to the original coordinates QQ15 to QQ15+5 The three 16-bit seeds of the nearest system to the original coordinates Other entry points: TT111-1 Contains an RTS
.TT111 JSR TT81 \ Set the seeds in QQ15 to those of system 0 in the \ current galaxy (i.e. copy the seeds from QQ21 to QQ15) \ We now loop through every single system in the galaxy \ and check the distance from (QQ9, QQ10). We get the \ galactic coordinates of each system from the system's \ seeds, like this: \ \ x = w1_hi (which is stored in QQ15+3) \ y = w0_hi (which is stored in QQ15+1) \ \ so the following loops through each system in the \ galaxy in turn and calculates the distance between \ (QQ9, QQ10) and (w1_hi, w0_hi) to find the closest one LDY #127 \ Set Y = T = 127 to hold the shortest distance we've STY T \ found so far, which we initially set to half the \ distance across the galaxy, or 127, as our coordinate \ system ranges from (0,0) to (255, 255) LDA #0 \ Set A = U = 0 to act as a counter for each system in STA U \ the current galaxy, which we start at system 0 and \ loop through to 255, the last system .TT130 LDA QQ15+3 \ Set A = w1_hi - QQ9, the horizontal distance between SEC \ (w1_hi, w0_hi) and (QQ9, QQ10) SBC QQ9 BCS TT132 \ If a borrow didn't occur, i.e. w1_hi >= QQ9, then the \ result is positive, so jump to TT132 and skip the \ following two instructions EOR #&FF \ Otherwise negate the result in A, so A is always ADC #1 \ positive (i.e. A = |w1_hi - QQ9|) .TT132 LSR A \ Set S = A / 2 STA S \ = |w1_hi - QQ9| / 2 LDA QQ15+1 \ Set A = w0_hi - QQ10, the vertical distance between SEC \ (w1_hi, w0_hi) and (QQ9, QQ10) SBC QQ10 BCS TT134 \ If a borrow didn't occur, i.e. w0_hi >= QQ10, then the \ result is positive, so jump to TT134 and skip the \ following two instructions EOR #&FF \ Otherwise negate the result in A, so A is always ADC #1 \ positive (i.e. A = |w0_hi - QQ10|) .TT134 LSR A \ Set A = S + A / 2 CLC \ = |w1_hi - QQ9| / 2 + |w0_hi - QQ10| / 2 ADC S \ \ So A now contains the sum of the horizontal and \ vertical distances, both divided by 2 so the result \ fits into one byte, and although this doesn't contain \ the actual distance between the systems, it's a good \ enough approximation to use for comparing distances CMP T \ If A >= T, then this system's distance is bigger than BCS TT135 \ our "minimum distance so far" stored in T, so it's no \ closer than the systems we have already found, so \ skip to TT135 to move on to the next system STA T \ This system is the closest to (QQ9, QQ10) so far, so \ update T with the new "distance" approximation LDX #5 \ As this system is the closest we have found yet, we \ want to store the system's seeds in case it ends up \ being the closest of all, so we set up a counter in X \ to copy six bytes (for three 16-bit numbers) .TT136 LDA QQ15,X \ Copy the X-th byte in QQ15 to the X-th byte in QQ19, STA QQ19,X \ where QQ15 contains the seeds for the system we just \ found to be the closest so far, and QQ19 is temporary \ storage DEX \ Decrement the counter BPL TT136 \ Loop back to TT136 if we still have more bytes to \ copy .TT135 JSR TT20 \ We want to move on to the next system, so call TT20 \ to twist the three 16-bit seeds in QQ15 INC U \ Increment the system counter in U BNE TT130 \ If U > 0 then we haven't done all 256 systems yet, so \ loop back up to TT130 \ We have now finished checking all the systems in the \ galaxy, and the seeds for the closest system are in \ QQ19, so now we want to copy these seeds to QQ15, \ to set the selected system to this closest system LDX #5 \ So we set up a counter in X to copy six bytes (for \ three 16-bit numbers) .TT137 LDA QQ19,X \ Copy the X-th byte in QQ19 to the X-th byte in QQ15, STA QQ15,X DEX \ Decrement the counter BPL TT137 \ Loop back to TT137 if we still have more bytes to \ copy LDA QQ15+1 \ The y-coordinate of the system described by the seeds STA QQ10 \ in QQ15 is in QQ15+1 (w0_hi), so we copy this to QQ10 \ as this is where we store the selected system's \ y-coordinate LDA QQ15+3 \ The x-coordinate of the system described by the seeds STA QQ9 \ in QQ15 is in QQ15+3 (w1_hi), so we copy this to QQ9 \ as this is where we store the selected system's \ x-coordinate \ We have now found the closest system to (QQ9, QQ10) \ and have set it as the selected system, so now we \ need to work out the distance between the selected \ system and the current system SEC \ Set A = QQ9 - QQ0, the horizontal distance between SBC QQ0 \ the selected system's x-coordinate (QQ9) and the \ current system's x-coordinate (QQ0) BCS TT139 \ If a borrow didn't occur, i.e. QQ9 >= QQ0, then the \ result is positive, so jump to TT139 and skip the \ following two instructions EOR #&FF \ Otherwise negate the result in A, so A is always ADC #1 \ positive (i.e. A = |QQ9 - QQ0|) \ A now contains the difference between the two \ systems' x-coordinates, with the sign removed. We \ will refer to this as the x-delta ("delta" means \ change or difference in maths) .TT139 JSR SQUA2 \ Set (A P) = A * A \ = |QQ9 - QQ0| ^ 2 \ = x_delta ^ 2 STA K+1 \ Store (A P) in K(1 0) LDA P STA K LDA QQ10 \ Set A = QQ10 - QQ1, the vertical distance between the SEC \ selected system's y-coordinate (QQ10) and the current SBC QQ1 \ system's y-coordinate (QQ1) BCS TT141 \ If a borrow didn't occur, i.e. QQ10 >= QQ1, then the \ result is positive, so jump to TT141 and skip the \ following two instructions EOR #&FF \ Otherwise negate the result in A, so A is always ADC #1 \ positive (i.e. A = |QQ10 - QQ1|) .TT141 LSR A \ Set A = A / 2 \ A now contains the difference between the two \ systems' y-coordinates, with the sign removed, and \ halved. We halve the value because the galaxy in \ in Elite is rectangular rather than square, and is \ twice as wide (x-axis) as it is high (y-axis), so to \ get a distance that matches the shape of the \ long-range galaxy chart, we need to halve the \ distance between the vertical y-coordinates. We will \ refer to this as the y-delta JSR SQUA2 \ Set (A P) = A * A \ = (|QQ10 - QQ1| / 2) ^ 2 \ = y_delta ^ 2 \ By this point we have the following results: \ \ K(1 0) = x_delta ^ 2 \ (A P) = y_delta ^ 2 \ \ so to find the distance between the two points, we \ can use Pythagoras - so first we need to add the two \ results together, and then take the square root PHA \ Store the high byte of the y-axis value on the stack, \ so we can use A for another purpose LDA P \ Set Q = P + K, which adds the low bytes of the two CLC \ calculated values ADC K STA Q PLA \ Restore the high byte of the y-axis value from the \ stack into A again ADC K+1 \ Set R = A + K+1, which adds the high bytes of the two STA R \ calculated values, so we now have: \ \ (R Q) = K(1 0) + (A P) \ = (x_delta ^ 2) + (y_delta ^ 2) JSR LL5 \ Set Q = SQRT(R Q), so Q now contains the distance \ between the two systems, in terms of coordinates \ We now store the distance to the selected system * 4 \ in the two-byte location QQ8, by taking (0 Q) and \ shifting it left twice, storing it in (QQ8+1 QQ8) LDA Q \ First we shift the low byte left by setting ASL A \ A = Q * 2, with bit 7 of A going into the C flag LDX #0 \ Now we set the high byte in QQ8+1 to 0 and rotate STX QQ8+1 \ the C flag into bit 0 of QQ8+1 ROL QQ8+1 ASL A \ And then we repeat the shift left of (QQ8+1 A) ROL QQ8+1 STA QQ8 \ And store A in the low byte, QQ8, so QQ8(1 0) now \ contains Q * 4. Given that the width of the galaxy is \ 256 in coordinate terms, the width of the galaxy \ would be 1024 in the units we store in QQ8 JMP TT24 \ Call TT24 to calculate system data from the seeds in \ QQ15 and store them in the relevant locations, so our \ new selected system is fully set up, and return from \ the subroutine using a tail call
Name: hy6 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Flight Summary: Print a message to say no hyperspacing inside the station
Print "Docked" at the bottom of the screen to indicate we can't hyperspace when docked.
.hy6 JSR CLYNS \ Clear the bottom three text rows of the upper screen, \ and move the text cursor to column 1 on row 21, i.e. \ the start of the top row of the three bottom rows LDA #15 \ Move the text cursor to column 15 (the middle of the STA XC \ screen), setting A to 15 at the same time for the \ following call to TT27 JMP TT27 \ Print recursive token 129 ("{switch to sentence case} \ DOCKED") and return from the subroutine using a tail \ call
Name: hyp [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Flight Summary: Start the hyperspace process
Called when "H" or CTRL-H is pressed during flight. Checks the following: * We are in space * We are not already in a hyperspace countdown If CTRL is being held down, we jump to Ghy to engage the galactic hyperdrive, otherwise we check that: * The selected system is not the current system * We have enough fuel to make the jump and if all the pre-jump checks are passed, we print the destination on-screen and start the countdown.
.hyp LDA QQ12 \ If we are docked (QQ12 = &FF) then jump to hy6 to BNE hy6 \ print an error message and return from the subroutine \ using a tail call (as we can't hyperspace when docked) LDA QQ22+1 \ Fetch QQ22+1, which contains the number that's shown \ on-screen during hyperspace countdown BNE zZ+1 \ If it is non-zero, return from the subroutine (as zZ+1 \ contains an RTS), as there is already a countdown in \ progress JSR CTRL \ Scan the keyboard to see if CTRL is currently pressed BMI Ghy \ If it is, then the galactic hyperdrive has been \ activated, so jump to Ghy to process it JSR hm \ Set the system closest to galactic coordinates (QQ9, \ QQ10) as the selected system LDA QQ8 \ If both bytes of the distance to the selected system ORA QQ8+1 \ in QQ8 are zero, return from the subroutine (as zZ+1 BEQ zZ+1 \ contains an RTS), as the selected system is the \ current system LDA #7 \ Move the text cursor to column 7, row 23 (in the STA XC \ middle of the bottom text row) LDA #23 STA YC LDA #0 \ Set QQ17 = 0 to switch to ALL CAPS STA QQ17 LDA #189 \ Print recursive token 29 ("HYPERSPACE ") JSR TT27 LDA QQ8+1 \ If the high byte of the distance to the selected BNE TT147 \ system in QQ8 is > 0, then it is definitely too far to \ jump (as our maximum range is 7.0 light years, or a \ value of 70 in QQ8(1 0), so jump to TT147 to print \ "RANGE?" and return from the subroutine using a tail \ call LDA QQ14 \ Fetch our current fuel level from Q114 into A CMP QQ8 \ If our fuel reserves are less than the distance to the BCC TT147 \ selected system, then we don't have enough fuel for \ this jump, so jump to TT147 to print "RANGE?" and \ return from the subroutine using a tail call LDA #'-' \ Print a hyphen JSR TT27 JSR cpl \ Call cpl to print the name of the selected system \ Fall through into wW to start the hyperspace \ countdown
Name: wW [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Flight Summary: Start a hyperspace countdown
Start the hyperspace countdown (for both inter-system hyperspace and the galactic hyperdrive).
.wW LDA #15 \ The hyperspace countdown starts from 15, so set A to \ to 15 so we can set the two hyperspace counters STA QQ22+1 \ Set the number in QQ22+1 to 15, which is the number \ that's shown on-screen during the hyperspace countdown STA QQ22 \ Set the number in QQ22 to 15, which is the internal \ counter that counts down by 1 each iteration of the \ main game loop, and each time it reaches zero, the \ on-screen counter gets decremented, and QQ22 gets set \ to 5, so setting QQ22 to 15 here makes the first tick \ of the hyperspace counter longer than subsequent ticks TAX \ Print the 8-bit number in X (i.e. 15) at text location JMP ee3 \ (0, 1), padded to 5 digits, so it appears in the top \ left corner of the screen, and return from the \ subroutine using a tail call \hy5 \ This instruction and the hy5 label are commented out \RTS \ in the original - they can actually be found at the \ end of the jmp routine below, so perhaps this is where \ they were originally, but the authors realised they \ could save a byte by using a tail call instead of an \ RTS?
Name: Ghy [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Flight Summary: Perform a galactic hyperspace jump
Engage the galactic hyperdrive. Called from the hyp routine above if CTRL-H is being pressed. This routine also updates the galaxy seeds to point to the next galaxy. Using a galactic hyperdrive rotates each seed byte to the left, rolling each byte left within itself like this: 01234567 -> 12345670 to get the seeds for the next galaxy. So after 8 galactic jumps, the seeds roll round to those of the first galaxy again. We always arrive in a new galaxy at galactic coordinates (96, 96), and then find the nearest system and set that as our location. Other entry points: zZ+1 Contains an RTS
.Ghy \JSR TT111 \ This instruction is commented out in the original \ source, and appears in the text cassette code source \ (ELITED.TXT) but not in the BASIC source file on the \ source disc (ELITED). It finds the closest system to \ coordinates (QQ9, QQ10) LDX GHYP \ Fetch GHYP, which tells us whether we own a galactic BEQ hy5 \ hyperdrive, and if it is zero, which means we don't, \ return from the subroutine (as hy5 contains an RTS) INX \ We own a galactic hyperdrive, so X is &FF, so this \ instruction sets X = 0 STX QQ8 \ Set the distance to the selected system in (QQ8+1 QQ8) STX QQ8+1 \ to 0 STX GHYP \ The galactic hyperdrive is a one-use item, so set GHYP \ to 0 so we no longer have one fitted STX FIST \ Changing galaxy also clears our criminal record, so \ set our legal status in FIST to 0 ("clean") JSR wW \ Call wW to start the hyperspace countdown LDX #5 \ To move galaxy, we rotate the galaxy's seeds left, so \ set a counter in X for the 6 seed bytes INC GCNT \ Increment the current galaxy number in GCNT LDA GCNT \ Set GCNT = GCNT mod 8, so we jump from galaxy 7 back AND #7 \ to galaxy 0 (shown in-game as going from galaxy 8 back STA GCNT \ to the starting point in galaxy 1) .G1 LDA QQ21,X \ Load the X-th seed byte into A ASL A \ Set the C flag to bit 7 of the seed ROL QQ21,X \ Rotate the seed in memory, which will add bit 7 back \ in as bit 0, so this rolls the seed around on itself DEX \ Decrement the counter BPL G1 \ Loop back for the next seed byte, until we have \ rotated them all \JSR DORND \ This instruction is commented out in the original \ source, and would set A and X to random numbers, so \ perhaps the original plan was to arrive in each new \ galaxy in a random place? .zZ LDA #&60 \ Set (QQ9, QQ10) to (96, 96), which is where we always STA QQ9 \ arrive in a new galaxy (the selected system will be STA QQ10 \ set to the nearest actual system later on) JSR TT110 \ Call TT110 to show the front space view LDA #116 \ Print recursive token 116 (GALACTIC HYPERSPACE ") JSR MESS \ as an in-flight message \ Fall through into jmp to set the system to the \ current system and return from the subroutine there
Name: jmp [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Universe Summary: Set the current system to the selected system
Returns: (QQ0, QQ1) The galactic coordinates of the new system Other entry points: hy5 Contains an RTS
.jmp LDA QQ9 \ Set the current system's galactic x-coordinate to the STA QQ0 \ x-coordinate of the selected system LDA QQ10 \ Set the current system's galactic y-coordinate to the STA QQ1 \ y-coordinate of the selected system .hy5 RTS \ Return from the subroutine
Name: ee3 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Text Summary: Print the hyperspace countdown in the top-left of the screen
Print the 8-bit number in X at text location (0, 1). Print the number to 5 digits, left-padding with spaces for numbers with fewer than 3 digits (so numbers < 10000 are right-aligned), with no decimal point. Arguments: X The number to print
.ee3 LDY #1 \ Set YC = 1 (first row) STY YC DEY \ Set XC = 0 (first character) STY XC \ Fall through into pr6 to print X to 5 digits
Name: pr6 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Text Summary: Print 16-bit number, left-padded to 5 digits, no point
Print the 16-bit number in (Y X) to 5 digits, left-padding with spaces for numbers with fewer than 3 digits (so numbers < 10000 are right-aligned), with no decimal point. Arguments: X The low byte of the number to print Y The high byte of the number to print
.pr6 CLC \ Do not display a decimal point when printing \ Fall through into pr5 to print X to 5 digits
Name: pr5 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Text Summary: Print a 16-bit number, left-padded to 5 digits, and optional point
Print the 16-bit number in (Y X) to 5 digits, left-padding with spaces for numbers with fewer than 3 digits (so numbers < 10000 are right-aligned). Optionally include a decimal point. Arguments: X The low byte of the number to print Y The high byte of the number to print C flag If set, include a decimal point
.pr5 LDA #5 \ Set the number of digits to print to 5 JMP TT11 \ Call TT11 to print (Y X) to 5 digits and return from \ the subroutine using a tail call
Name: TT147 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Text Summary: Print an error when a system is out of hyperspace range
Print "RANGE?" for when the hyperspace distance is too far
.TT147 LDA #202 \ Load A with token 42 ("RANGE") and fall through into \ prq to print it, followed by a question mark
Name: prq [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Text Summary: Print a text token followed by a question mark
Arguments: A The text token to be printed
.prq JSR TT27 \ Print the text token in A LDA #'?' \ Print a question mark and return from the JMP TT27 \ subroutine using a tail call
Name: TT151 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Market Summary: Print the name, price and availability of a market item Deep dive: Market item prices and availability
Arguments: A The number of the market item to print, 0-16 (see QQ23 for details of item numbers) Results: QQ19+1 Byte #1 from the market prices table for this item QQ24 The item's price / 4 QQ25 The item's availability
.TT151 PHA \ Store the item number on the stack and in QQ14+4 STA QQ19+4 ASL A \ Store the item number * 4 in QQ19, so this will act as ASL A \ an index into the market prices table at QQ23 for this STA QQ19 \ item (as there are four bytes per item in the table) LDA #1 \ Set the text cursor to column 1, for the item's name STA XC PLA \ Restore the item number ADC #208 \ Print recursive token 48 + A, which will be in the JSR TT27 \ range 48 ("FOOD") to 64 ("ALIEN ITEMS"), so this \ prints the item's name LDA #14 \ Set the text cursor to column 14, for the price STA XC LDX QQ19 \ Fetch byte #1 from the market prices table (units and LDA QQ23+1,X \ economic_factor) for this item and store in QQ19+1 STA QQ19+1 LDA QQ26 \ Fetch the random number for this system visit and AND QQ23+3,X \ AND with byte #3 from the market prices table (mask) \ to give: \ \ A = random AND mask CLC \ Add byte #0 from the market prices table (base_price), ADC QQ23,X \ so we now have: STA QQ24 \ \ A = base_price + (random AND mask) JSR TT152 \ Call TT152 to print the item's unit ("t", "kg" or \ "g"), padded to a width of two characters JSR var \ Call var to set QQ19+3 = economy * |economic_factor| \ (and set the availability of Alien Items to 0) LDA QQ19+1 \ Fetch the byte #1 that we stored above and jump to BMI TT155 \ TT155 if it is negative (i.e. if the economic_factor \ is negative) LDA QQ24 \ Set A = QQ24 + QQ19+3 ADC QQ19+3 \ \ = base_price + (random AND mask) \ + (economy * |economic_factor|) \ \ which is the result we want, as the economic_factor \ is positive JMP TT156 \ Jump to TT156 to multiply the result by 4 .TT155 LDA QQ24 \ Set A = QQ24 - QQ19+3 SEC \ SBC QQ19+3 \ = base_price + (random AND mask) \ - (economy * |economic_factor|) \ \ which is the result we want, as economic_factor \ is negative .TT156 STA QQ24 \ Store the result in QQ24 and P STA P LDA #0 \ Set A = 0 and call GC2 to calculate (Y X) = (A P) * 4, JSR GC2 \ which is the same as (Y X) = P * 4 because A = 0 SEC \ We now have our final price, * 10, so we can call pr5 JSR pr5 \ to print (Y X) to 5 digits, including a decimal \ point, as the C flag is set LDY QQ19+4 \ We now move on to availability, so fetch the market \ item number that we stored in QQ19+4 at the start LDA #5 \ Set A to 5 so we can print the availability to 5 \ digits (right-padded with spaces) LDX AVL,Y \ Set X to the item's availability, which is given in \ the AVL table STX QQ25 \ Store the availability in QQ25 CLC \ Clear the C flag BEQ TT172 \ If none are available, jump to TT172 to print a tab \ and a "-" JSR pr2+2 \ Otherwise print the 8-bit number in X to 5 digits, \ right-aligned with spaces. This works because we set \ A to 5 above, and we jump into the pr2 routine just \ after the first instruction, which would normally \ set the number of digits to 3 JMP TT152 \ Print the unit ("t", "kg" or "g") for the market item, \ with a following space if required to make it two \ characters long .TT172 LDA XC \ Move the text cursor in XC to the right by 4 columns, ADC #4 \ so the cursor is where the last digit would be if we STA XC \ were printing a 5-digit availability number LDA #'-' \ Print a "-" character by jumping to TT162+2, which BNE TT162+2 \ contains JMP TT27 (this BNE is effectively a JMP as A \ will never be zero), and return from the subroutine \ using a tail call
Name: TT152 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Market Summary: Print the unit ("t", "kg" or "g") for a market item
Print the unit ("t", "kg" or "g") for the market item whose byte #1 from the market prices table is in QQ19+1, right-padded with spaces to a width of two characters (so that's "t ", "kg" or "g ").
.TT152 LDA QQ19+1 \ Fetch the economic_factor from QQ19+1 AND #96 \ If bits 5 and 6 are both clear, jump to TT160 to BEQ TT160 \ print "t" for tonne, followed by a space, and return \ from the subroutine using a tail call CMP #32 \ If bit 5 is set, jump to TT161 to print "kg" for BEQ TT161 \ kilograms, and return from the subroutine using a tail \ call JSR TT16a \ Otherwise call TT16a to print "g" for grams, and fall \ through into TT162 to print a space and return from \ the subroutine
Name: TT162 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Text Summary: Print a space Other entry points: TT162+2 Jump to TT27 to print the text token in A
.TT162 LDA #' ' \ Load a space character into A JMP TT27 \ Print the text token in A and return from the \ subroutine using a tail call
Name: TT160 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Market Summary: Print "t" (for tonne) and a space
.TT160 LDA #'t' \ Load a "t" character into A JSR TT26 \ Print the character, using TT216 so that it doesn't \ change the character case BCC TT162 \ Jump to TT162 to print a space and return from the \ subroutine using a tail call (this BCC is effectively \ a JMP as the C flag is cleared by TT26)
Name: TT161 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Market Summary: Print "kg" (for kilograms)
.TT161 LDA #'k' \ Load a "k" character into A JSR TT26 \ Print the character, using TT216 so that it doesn't \ change the character case, and fall through into \ TT16a to print a "g" character
Name: TT16a [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Market Summary: Print "g" (for grams)
.TT16a LDA #&67 \ Load a "k" character into A JMP TT26 \ Print the character, using TT216 so that it doesn't \ change the character case, and return from the \ subroutine using a tail call
Name: TT163 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Market Summary: Print the headers for the table of market prices
Print the column headers for the prices table in the Buy Cargo and Market Price screens.
.TT163 LDA #17 \ Move the text cursor in XC to column 17 STA XC LDA #255 \ Print recursive token 95 token ("UNIT QUANTITY BNE TT162+2 \ {crlf} PRODUCT UNIT PRICE FOR SALE{crlf}{lf}") by \ jumping to TT162+2, which contains JMP TT27 (this BNE \ is effectively a JMP as A will never be zero), and \ return from the subroutine using a tail call
Name: TT167 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Market Summary: Show the Market Price screen (red key f7)
.TT167 LDA #16 \ Clear the top part of the screen, draw a white border, JSR TT66 \ and set the current view type in QQ11 to 16 (Market \ Price screen) LDA #5 \ Move the text cursor to column 4 STA XC LDA #167 \ Print recursive token 7 token ("{current system name} JSR NLIN3 \ MARKET PRICES") and draw a horizontal line at pixel \ row 19 to box in the title LDA #3 \ Move the text cursor to row 3 STA YC JSR TT163 \ Print the column headers for the prices table LDA #0 \ We're going to loop through all the available market STA QQ29 \ items, so we set up a counter in QQ29 to denote the \ current item and start it at 0 .TT168 LDX #%10000000 \ Set bit 7 of QQ17 to switch to Sentence Case, with the STX QQ17 \ next letter in capitals JSR TT151 \ Call TT151 to print the item name, market price and \ availability of the current item, and set QQ24 to the \ item's price / 4, QQ25 to the quantity available and \ QQ19+1 to byte #1 from the market prices table for \ this item INC YC \ Move the text cursor down one row INC QQ29 \ Increment QQ29 to point to the next item LDA QQ29 \ If QQ29 >= 17 then jump to TT168 as we have done the CMP #17 \ last item BCC TT168 RTS \ Return from the subroutine
Name: var [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Market Summary: Calculate QQ19+3 = economy * |economic_factor|
Set QQ19+3 = economy * |economic_factor|, given byte #1 of the market prices table for an item. Also sets the availability of Alien Items to 0. This routine forms part of the calculations for market item prices (TT151) and availability (GVL). Arguments: QQ19+1 Byte #1 of the market prices table for this market item (which contains the economic_factor in bits 0-5, and the sign of the economic_factor in bit 7)
.var LDA QQ19+1 \ Extract bits 0-5 from QQ19+1 into A, to get the AND #31 \ economic_factor without its sign, in other words: \ \ A = |economic_factor| LDY QQ28 \ Set Y to the economy byte of the current system STA QQ19+2 \ Store A in QQ19+2 CLC \ Clear the C flag so we can do additions below LDA #0 \ Set AVL+16 (availability of Alien Items) to 0, STA AVL+16 \ setting A to 0 in the process .TT153 \ We now do the multiplication by doing a series of \ additions in a loop, building the result in A. Each \ loop adds QQ19+2 (|economic_factor|) to A, and it \ loops the number of times given by the economy byte; \ in other words, because A starts at 0, this sets: \ \ A = economy * |economic_factor| DEY \ Decrement the economy in Y, exiting the loop when it BMI TT154 \ becomes negative ADC QQ19+2 \ Add QQ19+2 to A JMP TT153 \ Loop back to TT153 to do another addition .TT154 STA QQ19+3 \ Store the result in QQ19+3 RTS \ Return from the subroutine
Name: hyp1 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Universe Summary: Process a jump to the system closest to (QQ9, QQ10)
Do a hyperspace jump to the system closest to galactic coordinates (QQ9, QQ10), and set up the current system's state to those of the new system. Returns: (QQ0, QQ1) The galactic coordinates of the new system QQ2 to QQ2+6 The seeds of the new system EV Set to 0 QQ28 The new system's economy tek The new system's tech level gov The new system's government Other entry points: hyp1+3 Jump straight to the system at (QQ9, QQ10) without first calculating which system is closest. We do this if we already know that (QQ9, QQ10) points to a system
.hyp1 JSR TT111 \ Select the system closest to galactic coordinates \ (QQ9, QQ10) JSR jmp \ Set the current system to the selected system LDX #5 \ We now want to copy the seeds for the selected system \ in QQ15 into QQ2, where we store the seeds for the \ current system, so set up a counter in X for copying \ 6 bytes (for three 16-bit seeds) .TT112 LDA QQ15,X \ Copy the X-th byte in QQ15 to the X-th byte in QQ2, STA QQ2,X DEX \ Decrement the counter BPL TT112 \ Loop back to TT112 if we still have more bytes to \ copy INX \ Set X = 0 (as we ended the above loop with X = &FF) STX EV \ Set EV, the extra vessels spawning counter, to 0, as \ we are entering a new system with no extra vessels \ spawned LDA QQ3 \ Set the current system's economy in QQ28 to the STA QQ28 \ selected system's economy from QQ3 LDA QQ5 \ Set the current system's tech level in tek to the STA tek \ selected system's economy from QQ5 LDA QQ4 \ Set the current system's government in gov to the STA gov \ selected system's government from QQ4 RTS \ Return from the subroutine
Name: GVL [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Universe Summary: Calculate the availability of a market item
Calculate the availability for each market item and store it in AVL. This is called on arrival in a new system. Other entry points: hyR Contains an RTS
.GVL JSR DORND \ Set A and X to random numbers STA QQ26 \ Set QQ26 to the random byte that's used in the market \ calculations LDX #0 \ We are now going to loop through the market item STX XX4 \ availability table in AVL, so set a counter in XX4 \ (and X) for the market item number, starting with 0 .hy9 LDA QQ23+1,X \ Fetch byte #1 from the market prices table (units and STA QQ19+1 \ economic_factor) for item number X and store it in \ QQ19+1 JSR var \ Call var to set QQ19+3 = economy * |economic_factor| \ (and set the availability of Alien Items to 0) LDA QQ23+3,X \ Fetch byte #3 from the market prices table (mask) and AND QQ26 \ AND with the random number for this system visit \ to give: \ \ A = random AND mask CLC \ Add byte #2 from the market prices table ADC QQ23+2,X \ (base_quantity) so we now have: \ \ A = base_quantity + (random AND mask) LDY QQ19+1 \ Fetch the byte #1 that we stored above and jump to BMI TT157 \ TT157 if it is negative (i.e. if the economic_factor \ is negative) SEC \ Set A = A - QQ19+3 SBC QQ19+3 \ \ = base_quantity + (random AND mask) \ - (economy * |economic_factor|) \ \ which is the result we want, as the economic_factor \ is positive JMP TT158 \ Jump to TT158 to skip TT157 .TT157 CLC \ Set A = A + QQ19+3 ADC QQ19+3 \ \ = base_quantity + (random AND mask) \ + (economy * |economic_factor|) \ \ which is the result we want, as the economic_factor \ is negative .TT158 BPL TT159 \ If A < 0, then set A = 0, so we don't have negative LDA #0 \ availability .TT159 LDY XX4 \ Fetch the counter (the market item number) into Y AND #%00111111 \ Take bits 0-5 of A, i.e. A mod 64, and store this as STA AVL,Y \ this item's availability in the Y=th byte of AVL, so \ each item has a maximum availability of 63t INY \ Increment the counter into XX44, Y and A TYA STA XX4 ASL A \ Set X = counter * 4, so that X points to the next ASL A \ item's entry in the four-byte market prices table, TAX \ ready for the next loop CMP #63 \ If A < 63, jump back up to hy9 to set the availability BCC hy9 \ for the next market item .hyR RTS \ Return from the subroutine
Name: GTHG [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Universe Summary: Spawn a Thargoid ship and a Thargon companion
.GTHG JSR Ze \ Call Ze to initialise INWK LDA #%11111111 \ Set the AI flag in byte #32 so that the ship has AI, STA INWK+32 \ is extremely and aggressively hostile, and has E.C.M. LDA #THG \ Call NWSHP to add a new Thargoid ship to our local JSR NWSHP \ bubble of universe LDA #TGL \ Call NWSHP to add a new Thargon ship to our local JMP NWSHP \ bubble of universe, and return from the subroutine \ using a tail call
Name: MJP [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Flight Summary: Process a mis-jump into witchspace
Process a mis-jump into witchspace (which happens very rarely). Witchspace has a strange, almost dust-free aspect to it, and it is populated by hostile Thargoids. Using our escape pod will be fatal, and our position on the galactic chart is in-between systems. It is a scary place... There is a 1% chance that this routine is called from TT18 instead of doing a normal hyperspace, or we can manually trigger a mis-jump by holding down CTRL after first enabling the "author display" configuration option ("X") when paused. Other entry points: ptg Called when the user manually forces a mis-jump
.ptg LSR COK \ Set bit 0 of the competition flags in COK, so that the SEC \ copmpetition code will include the fact that we have ROL COK \ manually forced a mis-jump into witchspace .MJP \LDA #1 \ This instruction is commented out in the original \ source - it is not required as a call to TT66-2 sets \ A to 1 for us. This is presumably an example of the \ authors saving a couple of bytes by calling TT66-2 \ instead of TT66, while leaving the original LDA \ instruction in place JSR TT66-2 \ Clear the top part of the screen, draw a white border, \ and set the current view type in QQ11 to 1 JSR LL164 \ Call LL164 to show the hyperspace tunnel and make the \ hyperspace sound for a second time (as we already \ called LL164 in TT18) JSR RES2 \ Reset a number of flight variables and workspaces, as \ well as setting Y to &FF STY MJ \ Set the mis-jump flag in MJ to &FF, to indicate that \ we are now in witchspace .MJP1 JSR GTHG \ Call GTHG to spawn a Thargoid ship LDA #3 \ Fetch the number of Thargoid ships from MANY+THG, and CMP MANY+THG \ if it is less than 3, loop back to MJP1 to spawn BCS MJP1 \ another one, until we have three Thargoids STA NOSTM \ Set NOSTM (the maximum number of stardust particles) \ to 3, so there are fewer bits of stardust in \ witchspace (normal space has a maximum of 18) LDX #0 \ Initialise the front space view JSR LOOK1 LDA QQ1 \ Fetch the current system's galactic y-coordinate in EOR #%00011111 \ QQ1 and flip bits 0-5, so we end up somewhere in the STA QQ1 \ vicinity of our original destination, but above or \ below it in the galactic chart RTS \ Return from the subroutine
Name: TT18 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Flight Summary: Try to initiate a jump into hyperspace
Try to go through hyperspace. Called from TT102 in the main loop when the hyperspace countdown has finished.
.TT18 LDA QQ14 \ Subtract the distance to the selected system (in QQ8) SEC \ from the amount of fuel in our tank (in QQ14) SBC QQ8 STA QQ14 LDA QQ11 \ If the current view is not a space view, jump to ee5 BNE ee5 \ to skip the following JSR TT66 \ Clear the top part of the screen, draw a white border, \ and set the current view type in QQ11 to 0 (space \ view) JSR LL164 \ Call LL164 to show the hyperspace tunnel and make the \ hyperspace sound .ee5 JSR CTRL \ Scan the keyboard to see if CTRL is currently pressed, \ returning a negative value in A if it is AND PATG \ If the game is configured to show the author's names \ on the start-up screen, then PATG will contain &FF, \ otherwise it will be 0 BMI ptg \ By now, A will be negative if we are holding down CTRL \ and author names are configured, which is what we have \ to do in order to trigger a manual mis-jump, so jump \ to ptg to do a mis-jump (ptg not only mis-jumps, but \ updates the competition flags, so Acornsoft could tell \ from the competition code whether this feature had \ been used) JSR DORND \ Set A and X to random numbers CMP #253 \ If A >= 253 (1% chance) then jump to MJP to trigger a BCS MJP \ mis-jump into witchspace \JSR TT111 \ This instruction is commented out in the original \ source. It finds the closest system to coordinates \ (QQ9, QQ10), but we don't need to do this as the \ crosshairs will already be on a system by this point JSR hyp1+3 \ Jump straight to the system at (QQ9, QQ10) without \ first calculating which system is closest JSR GVL \ Calculate the availability for each market item in the \ new system JSR RES2 \ Reset a number of flight variables and workspaces JSR SOLAR \ Halve our legal status, update the missile indicators, \ and set up data blocks and slots for the planet and \ sun LDA QQ11 \ If the current view in QQ11 is not a space view (0) or AND #%00111111 \ one of the charts (64 or 128), return from the BNE hyR \ subroutine (as hyR contains an RTS) JSR TTX66 \ Otherwise clear the screen and draw a white border LDA QQ11 \ If the current view is one of the charts, jump to BNE TT114 \ TT114 (from which we jump to the correct routine to \ display the chart) INC QQ11 \ This is a space view, so increment QQ11 to 1 \ Fall through into TT110 to show the front space view
Name: TT110 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Flight Summary: Launch from a station or show the front space view
Launch the ship (if we are docked), or show the front space view (if we are already in space). Called when red key f0 is pressed while docked (launch), after we arrive in a new galaxy, or after a hyperspace if the current view is a space view.
.TT110 LDX QQ12 \ If we are not docked (QQ12 = 0) then jump to NLUNCH BEQ NLUNCH JSR LAUN \ Show the space station launch tunnel JSR RES2 \ Reset a number of flight variables and workspaces JSR TT111 \ Select the system closest to galactic coordinates \ (QQ9, QQ10) INC INWK+8 \ Increment z_sign ready for the call to SOS, so the \ planet appears at a z_sign of 1 in front of us when \ we launch JSR SOS1 \ Call SOS1 to set up the planet's data block and add it \ to FRIN, where it will get put in the first slot as \ it's the first one to be added to our local bubble of \ universe following the call to RES2 above LDA #128 \ For the space station, set z_sign to &80, so it's STA INWK+8 \ behind us (&80 is negative) INC INWK+7 \ And increment z_hi, so it's only just behind us JSR NWSPS \ Add a new space station to our local bubble of \ universe LDA #12 \ Set our launch speed in DELTA to 12 STA DELTA JSR BAD \ Call BAD to work out how much illegal contraband we \ are carrying in our hold (A is up to 40 for a \ standard hold crammed with contraband, up to 70 for \ an extended cargo hold full of narcotics and slaves) ORA FIST \ OR the value in A with our legal status in FIST to \ get a new value that is at least as high as both \ values, to reflect the fact that launching with a \ hold full of contraband can only make matters worse STA FIST \ Update our legal status with the new value .NLUNCH LDX #0 \ Set QQ12 to 0 to indicate we are not docked STX QQ12 JMP LOOK1 \ Jump to LOOK1 to switch to the front view (X = 0), \ returning from the subroutine using a tail call
Name: TT114 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Charts Summary: Display either the Long-range or Short-range Chart
Display either the Long-range or Short-range Chart, depending on the current view setting. Called from TT18 once we know the current view is one of the charts. Arguments: A The current view, loaded from QQ11
.TT114 BMI TT115 \ If bit 7 of the current view is set (i.e. the view is \ the Short-range Chart, 128), skip to TT115 below to \ jump to TT23 to display the chart JMP TT22 \ Otherwise the current view is the Long-range Chart, so \ jump to TT22 to display it .TT115 JMP TT23 \ Jump to TT23 to display the Short-range Chart
Name: LCASH [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Maths (Arithmetic) Summary: Subtract an amount of cash from the cash pot
Subtract (Y X) cash from the cash pot in CASH, but only if there is enough cash in the pot. As CASH is a four-byte number, this calculates: CASH(0 1 2 3) = CASH(0 1 2 3) - (0 0 Y X) Returns: C flag If set, there was enough cash to do the subtraction If clear, there was not enough cash to do the subtraction
.LCASH STX T1 \ Subtract the least significant bytes: LDA CASH+3 \ SEC \ CASH+3 = CASH+3 - X SBC T1 STA CASH+3 STY T1 \ Then the second most significant bytes: LDA CASH+2 \ SBC T1 \ CASH+2 = CASH+2 - Y STA CASH+2 LDA CASH+1 \ Then the third most significant bytes (which are 0): SBC #0 \ STA CASH+1 \ CASH+1 = CASH+1 - 0 LDA CASH \ And finally the most significant bytes (which are 0): SBC #0 \ STA CASH \ CASH = CASH - 0 BCS TT113 \ If the C flag is set then the subtraction didn't \ underflow, so the value in CASH is correct and we can \ jump to TT113 to return from the subroutine with the \ C flag set to indicate success (as TT113 contains an \ RTS) \ Otherwise we didn't have enough cash in CASH to \ subtract (Y X) from it, so fall through into \ MCASH to reverse the sum and restore the original \ value in CASH, and returning with the C flag clear
Name: MCASH [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Maths (Arithmetic) Summary: Add an amount of cash to the cash pot
Add (Y X) cash to the cash pot in CASH. As CASH is a four-byte number, this calculates: CASH(0 1 2 3) = CASH(0 1 2 3) + (Y X) Other entry points: TT113 Contains an RTS
.MCASH TXA \ Add the least significant bytes: CLC \ ADC CASH+3 \ CASH+3 = CASH+3 + X STA CASH+3 TYA \ Then the second most significant bytes: ADC CASH+2 \ STA CASH+2 \ CASH+2 = CASH+2 + Y LDA CASH+1 \ Then the third most significant bytes (which are 0): ADC #0 \ STA CASH+1 \ CASH+1 = CASH+1 + 0 LDA CASH \ And finally the most significant bytes (which are 0): ADC #0 \ STA CASH \ CASH = CASH + 0 CLC \ Clear the C flag, so if the above was done following \ a failed LCASH call, the C flag correctly indicates \ failure .TT113 RTS \ Return from the subroutine
Name: GCASH [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Maths (Arithmetic) Summary: Calculate (Y X) = P * Q * 4
Calculate the following multiplication of unsigned 8-bit numbers: (Y X) = P * Q * 4
.GCASH JSR MULTU \ Call MULTU to calculate (A P) = P * Q
Name: GC2 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Maths (Arithmetic) Summary: Calculate (Y X) = (A P) * 4
Calculate the following multiplication of unsigned 16-bit numbers: (Y X) = (A P) * 4
.GC2 ASL P \ Set (A P) = (A P) * 4 ROL A ASL P ROL A TAY \ Set (Y X) = (A P) LDX P RTS \ Return from the subroutine
Name: EQSHP [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Equipment Summary: Show the Equip Ship screen (red key f3)
Other entry points: err Beep, pause and go to the docking bay (i.e. show the Status Mode screen)
.bay JMP BAY \ Go to the docking bay (i.e. show the Status Mode \ screen) .EQSHP JSR DIALS \ Call DIALS to update the dashboard LDA #32 \ Clear the top part of the screen, draw a white border, JSR TT66 \ and set the current view type in QQ11 to 32 (Equip \ Ship screen) LDA #12 \ Move the text cursor to column 12 STA XC LDA #207 \ Print recursive token 47 ("EQUIP") followed by a space JSR spc LDA #185 \ Print recursive token 25 ("SHIP") and draw a JSR NLIN3 \ horizontal line at pixel row 19 to box in the title LDA #%10000000 \ Set bit 7 of QQ17 to switch to Sentence Case, with the STA QQ17 \ next letter in capitals INC YC \ Move the text cursor down one line LDA tek \ Fetch the tech level of the current system from tek CLC \ and add 3 (the tech level is stored as 0-14, so A is ADC #3 \ now set to between 3 and 17) CMP #12 \ If A >= 12 then set A = 12, so A is now set to between BCC P%+4 \ 3 and 12 LDA #12 STA Q \ Set QQ25 = A (so QQ25 is in the range 3-12 and STA QQ25 \ represents number of the most advanced item available INC Q \ in this system, which we can pass to gnum below when \ asking which item we want to buy) \ \ Set Q = A + 1 (so Q is in the range 4-13 and contains \ QQ25 + 1, i.e. the highest item number on sale + 1) LDA #70 \ Set A = 70 - QQ14, where QQ14 contains the current SEC \ level in light years * 10, so this leaves the amount SBC QQ14 \ of fuel we need to fill 'er up (in light years * 10) ASL A \ The price of fuel is always 2 Cr per light year, so we STA PRXS \ double A and store it in PRXS, as the first price in \ the price list (which is reserved for fuel), and \ because the table contains prices as price * 10, it's \ in the right format (so a full tank, or 7.0 light \ years, would be 14.0 Cr, or a PRXS value of 140) LDX #1 \ We are now going to work our way through the equipment \ price list at PRXS, printing out the equipment that is \ available at this station, so set a counter in X, \ starting at 1, to hold the number of the current item \ plus 1 (so the item number in X loops through 1-13) .EQL1 STX XX13 \ Store the current item number + 1 in XX13 JSR TT67 \ Print a newline LDX XX13 \ Print the current item number + 1 to 3 digits, left- CLC \ padding with spaces, and with no decimal point, so the JSR pr2 \ items are numbered from 1 JSR TT162 \ Print a space LDA XX13 \ Print recursive token 104 + XX13, which will be in the CLC \ range 105 ("FUEL") to 116 ("GALACTIC HYPERSPACE ") ADC #104 \ so this prints the current item's name JSR TT27 LDA XX13 \ Call prx-3 to set (Y X) to the price of the item with JSR prx-3 \ number XX13 - 1 (as XX13 contains the item number + 1) SEC \ Set the C flag so we will print a decimal point when \ we print the price LDA #25 \ Move the text cursor to column 25 STA XC LDA #6 \ Print the number in (Y X) to 6 digits, left-padding JSR TT11 \ with spaces and including a decimal point, which will \ be the correct price for this item as (Y X) contains \ the price * 10, so the trailing zero will go after the \ decimal point (i.e. 5250 will be printed as 525.0) LDX XX13 \ Increment the current item number in XX13 INX CPX Q \ If X < Q, loop back up to print the next item on the BCC EQL1 \ list of equipment available at this station JSR CLYNS \ Clear the bottom three text rows of the upper screen, \ and move the text cursor to column 1 on row 21, i.e. \ the start of the top row of the three bottom rows LDA #127 \ Print recursive token 127 ("ITEM") followed by a JSR prq \ question mark JSR gnum \ Call gnum to get a number from the keyboard, which \ will be the number of the item we want to purchase, \ returning the number entered in A and R, and setting \ the C flag if the number is bigger than the highest \ item number in QQ25 BEQ bay \ If no number was entered, jump up to bay to go to the \ docking bay (i.e. show the Status Mode screen) BCS bay \ If the number entered was too big, jump up to bay to \ go to the docking bay (i.e. show the Status Mode \ screen) SBC #0 \ Set A to the number entered - 1 (because the C flag is \ clear), which will be the actual item number we want \ to buy LDX #2 \ Move the text cursor to column 2 on the next line STX XC INC YC PHA \ While preserving the value in A, call eq to subtract JSR eq \ the price of the item we want to buy (which is in A) PLA \ from our cash pot, but only if we have enough cash in \ the pot. If we don't have enough cash, exit to the \ docking bay (i.e. show the Status Mode screen) BNE et0 \ If A is not 0 (i.e. the item we've just bought is not \ fuel), skip to et0 STA MCNT \ We just bought fuel, so we zero the main loop counter LDX #70 \ And set the current fuel level * 10 in QQ14 to 70, or STX QQ14 \ 7.0 light years (a full tank) .et0 CMP #1 \ If A is not 1 (i.e. the item we've just bought is not BNE et1 \ a missile), skip to et1 LDX NOMSL \ Fetch the current number of missiles from NOMSL into X INX \ Increment X to the new number of missiles LDY #117 \ Set Y to recursive token 117 ("ALL") CPX #5 \ If buying this missile would give us 5 missiles, this BCS pres \ is more than the maximum of 4 missiles that we can \ fit, so jump to pres to show the error "All Present", \ beep and exit to the docking bay (i.e. show the Status \ Mode screen) STX NOMSL \ Otherwise update the number of missiles in NOMSL JSR msblob \ And call msblob to update the dashboard's missile \ indicators with our new purchase .et1 LDY #107 \ Set Y to recursive token 107 ("LARGE CARGO{switch to \ sentence case} BAY") CMP #2 \ If A is not 2 (i.e. the item we've just bought is not BNE et2 \ a large cargo bay), skip to et2 LDX #37 \ If our current cargo capacity in CRGO is 37, then we CPX CRGO \ already have a large cargo bay fitted, so jump to pres BEQ pres \ to show the error "Large Cargo Bay Present", beep and \ exit to the docking bay (i.e. show the Status Mode \ screen) STX CRGO \ Otherwise we just scored ourselves a large cargo bay, \ so update our current cargo capacity in CRGO to 37 .et2 CMP #3 \ If A is not 3 (i.e. the item we've just bought is not BNE et3 \ an E.C.M. system), skip to et3 INY \ Increment Y to recursive token 108 ("E.C.M.SYSTEM") LDX ECM \ If we already have an E.C.M. fitted (i.e. ECM is BNE pres \ non-zero), jump to pres to show the error "E.C.M. \ System Present", beep and exit to the docking bay \ (i.e. show the Status Mode screen) DEC ECM \ Otherwise we just took delivery of a brand new E.C.M. \ system, so set ECM to &FF (as ECM was 0 before the DEC \ instruction) .et3 CMP #4 \ If A is not 4 (i.e. the item we've just bought is not BNE et4 \ an extra pulse laser), skip to et4 JSR qv \ Print a menu listing the four views, with a "View ?" \ prompt, and ask for a view number, which is returned \ in X (which now contains 0-3) LDA #4 \ This instruction doesn't appear to do anything, as we \ either don't need it (if we already have this laser) \ or we set A to 4 below (if we buy it) LDY LASER,X \ If there is no laser mounted in the chosen view (i.e. BEQ ed4 \ LASER+X, which contains the laser power for view X, is \ zero), jump to ed4 to buy a pulse laser .ed7 LDY #187 \ Otherwise we already have a laser mounted in this BNE pres \ view, so jump to pres with Y set to token 27 \ (" LASER") to show the error "Laser Present", beep \ and exit to the docking bay (i.e. show the Status \ Mode screen) .ed4 LDA #POW \ We just bought a pulse laser for view X, so we need STA LASER,X \ to fit it by storing the laser power for a pulse laser \ (given in POW) in LASER+X LDA #4 \ Set A to 4 as we just overwrote the original value, \ and we still need it set correctly so we can continue \ through the conditional statements for all the other \ equipment .et4 CMP #5 \ If A is not 5 (i.e. the item we've just bought is not BNE et5 \ an extra beam laser), skip to et5 JSR qv \ Print a menu listing the four views, with a "View ?" \ prompt, and ask for a view number, which is returned \ in X (which now contains 0-3) STX T1 \ Store the view in T1 so we can retrieve it below LDA #5 \ Set A to 5 as the call to qv will have overwritten \ the original value, and we still need it set \ correctly so we can continue through the conditional \ statements for all the other equipment LDY LASER,X \ If there is no laser mounted in the chosen view (i.e. BEQ ed5 \ LASER+X, which contains the laser power for mount X, \ is zero), jump to ed5 to buy a beam laser \BPL P%+4 \ This instruction is commented out in the original \ source, though it would have no effect (it would \ simply skip the BMI if A is positive, which is what \ BMI does anyway) BMI ed7 \ If there is a beam laser already mounted in the chosen \ view (i.e. LASER+X has bit 7 set, which indicates a \ beam laser rather than a pulse laser), skip back to \ ed7 to print a "Laser Present" error, beep and exit \ to the docking bay (i.e. show the Status Mode screen) LDA #4 \ If we get here then we already have a pulse laser in JSR prx \ the selected view, so we call prx to set (Y X) to the \ price of equipment item number 4 (extra pulse laser) \ so we can give a refund of the pulse laser JSR MCASH \ Add (Y X) cash to the cash pot in CASH, so we refund \ the price of the pulse laser we are exchanging for a \ new beam laser .ed5 LDA #POW+128 \ We just bought a beam laser for view X, so we need LDX T1 \ to mount it by storing the laser power for a beam STA LASER,X \ laser (given in POW+128) in LASER+X, using the view \ number we stored in T1 earlier, as the call to prx \ will have overwritten the original value in X .et5 LDY #111 \ Set Y to recursive token 107 ("FUEL SCOOPS") CMP #6 \ If A is not 6 (i.e. the item we've just bought is not BNE et6 \ a fuel scoop), skip to et6 LDX BST \ If we already have fuel scoops fitted (i.e. BST is BEQ ed9 \ zero), jump to ed9, otherwise fall through into pres \ to show the error "Fuel Scoops Present", beep and \ exit to the docking bay (i.e. show the Status Mode \ screen) .pres \ If we get here we need to show an error to say that \ item number A is already present, where the item's \ name is recursive token Y STY K \ Store the item's name in K JSR prx \ Call prx to set (Y X) to the price of equipment item \ number A JSR MCASH \ Add (Y X) cash to the cash pot in CASH, as the station \ already took the money for this item in the JSR eq \ instruction above, but we can't fit the item, so need \ our money back LDA K \ Print the recursive token in K (the item's name) JSR spc \ followed by a space LDA #31 \ Print recursive token 145 ("PRESENT") JSR TT27 .err JSR dn2 \ Call dn2 to make a short, high beep and delay for 1 \ second JMP BAY \ Jump to BAY to go to the docking bay (i.e. show the \ Status Mode screen) .ed9 DEC BST \ We just bought a shiny new fuel scoop, so set BST to \ &FF (as BST was 0 before the jump to ed9 above) .et6 INY \ Increment Y to recursive token 112 ("E.C.M.SYSTEM") CMP #7 \ If A is not 7 (i.e. the item we've just bought is not BNE et7 \ an escape pod), skip to et7 LDX ESCP \ If we already have an escape pod fitted (i.e. ESCP is BNE pres \ non-zero), jump to pres to show the error "Escape Pod \ Present", beep and exit to the docking bay (i.e. show \ the Status Mode screen) DEC ESCP \ Otherwise we just bought an escape pod, so set ESCP \ to &FF (as ESCP was 0 before the DEC instruction) .et7 INY \ Increment Y to recursive token 113 ("ENERGY BOMB") CMP #8 \ If A is not 8 (i.e. the item we've just bought is not BNE et8 \ an energy bomb), skip to et8 LDX BOMB \ If we already have an energy bomb fitted (i.e. BOMB BNE pres \ is non-zero), jump to pres to show the error "Energy \ Bomb Present", beep and exit to the docking bay (i.e. \ show the Status Mode screen) LDX #&7F \ Otherwise we just bought an energy bomb, so set BOMB STX BOMB \ to &7F .et8 INY \ Increment Y to recursive token 114 ("ENERGY UNIT") CMP #9 \ If A is not 9 (i.e. the item we've just bought is not BNE etA \ an energy unit), skip to etA LDX ENGY \ If we already have an energy unit fitted (i.e. ENGY is BNE pres \ non-zero), jump to pres to show the error "Energy Unit \ Present", beep and exit to the docking bay (i.e. show \ the Status Mode screen) INC ENGY \ Otherwise we just picked up an energy unit, so set \ ENGY to 1 (as ENGY was 0 before the INC instruction) .etA INY \ Increment Y to recursive token 115 ("DOCKING \ COMPUTERS") CMP #10 \ If A is not 10 (i.e. the item we've just bought is not BNE etB \ a docking computer), skip to etB LDX DKCMP \ If we already have a docking computer fitted (i.e. BNE pres \ DKCMP is non-zero), jump to pres to show the error \ "Docking Computer Present", beep and exit to the \ docking bay (i.e. show the Status Mode screen) DEC DKCMP \ Otherwise we just got hold of a docking computer, so \ set DKCMP to &FF (as DKCMP was 0 before the DEC \ instruction) .etB INY \ Increment Y to recursive token 116 ("GALACTIC \ HYPERSPACE ") CMP #11 \ If A is not 11 (i.e. the item we've just bought is not BNE et9 \ a galactic hyperdrive), skip to et9 LDX GHYP \ If we already have a galactic hyperdrive fitted (i.e. BNE pres \ GHYP is non-zero), jump to pres to show the error \ "Galactic Hyperspace Present", beep and exit to the \ docking bay (i.e. show the Status Mode screen) DEC GHYP \ Otherwise we just splashed out on a galactic \ hyperdrive, so set GHYP to &FF (as GHYP was 0 before \ the DEC instruction) .et9 JSR dn \ We are done buying equipment, so print the amount of \ cash left in the cash pot, then make a short, high \ beep to confirm the purchase, and delay for 1 second JMP EQSHP \ Jump back up to EQSHP to show the Equip Ship screen \ again and see if we can't track down another bargain
Name: dn [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Text Summary: Print the amount of cash and beep
Print the amount of money in the cash pot, then make a short, high beep and delay for 1 second.
.dn JSR TT162 \ Print a space LDA #119 \ Print recursive token 119 ("CASH:{cash right-aligned JSR spc \ to width 9} CR{crlf}") followed by a space \ Fall through into dn2 to make a beep and delay for \ 1 second before returning from the subroutine
Name: dn2 [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Text Summary: Make a short, high beep and delay for 1 second
.dn2 JSR BEEP \ Call the BEEP subroutine to make a short, high beep LDY #50 \ Delay for 50 vertical syncs (50/50 = 1 second) and JMP DELAY \ return from the subroutine using a tail call
Name: eq [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Equipment Summary: Subtract the price of equipment from the cash pot
If we have enough cash, subtract the price of a specified piece of equipment from our cash pot and return from the subroutine. If we don't have enough cash, exit to the docking bay (i.e. show the Status Mode screen). Arguments: A The item number of the piece of equipment (0-11) as shown in the table at PRXS
.eq JSR prx \ Call prx to set (Y X) to the price of equipment item \ number A JSR LCASH \ Subtract (Y X) cash from the cash pot, but only if \ we have enough cash BCS c \ If the C flag is set then we did have enough cash for \ the transaction, so jump to c to return from the \ subroutine (as c contains an RTS) LDA #197 \ Otherwise we don't have enough cash to but this piece JSR prq \ of equipment, so print recursive token 37 ("CASH") \ followed by a question mark JMP err \ Jump to err to beep, pause and go to the docking bay \ (i.e. show the Status Mode screen)
Name: prx [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Equipment Summary: Return the price of a piece of equipment
This routine returns the price of equipment as listed in the table at PRXS. Arguments: A The item number of the piece of equipment (0-11) as shown in the table at PRXS Returns: (Y X) The item price in Cr * 10 (Y = high byte, X = low byte) Other entry points: prx-3 Return the price of the item with number A - 1
SEC \ Decrement A (for when this routine is called via SBC #1 \ prx-3) .prx ASL A \ Set Y = A * 2, so it can act as an index into the TAY \ PRXS table, which has two bytes per entry LDX PRXS,Y \ Fetch the low byte of the price into X LDA PRXS+1,Y \ Fetch the low byte of the price into A and transfer TAY \ it to X, so the price is now in (Y X) .c RTS \ Return from the subroutine
Name: qv [View individually] Type: Subroutine Category: Equipment Summary: Print a menu of the four space views, for buying lasers
Print a menu in the bottom-middle of the screen, at row 16, column 12, that lists the four available space views, like this: 0 Front 1 Rear 2 Left 3 Right Also print a "View ?" prompt and ask for a view number. The menu is shown when we choose to buy a new laser in the Equip Ship screen. Returns: X The chosen view number (0-3)
.qv LDY #16 \ Move the text cursor to row 16, and at the same time STY YC \ set Y to a counter going from 16-20 in the loop below .qv1 LDX #12 \ Move the text cursor to column 12 STX XC TYA \ Transfer the counter value from Y to A CLC \ Print ASCII character "0" - 16 + A, so as A goes from ADC #'0'-16 \ 16 to 20, this prints "0" through "3" followed by a JSR spc \ space LDA YC \ Print recursive text token 80 + YC, so as YC goes from CLC \ 16 to 20, this prints "FRONT", "REAR", "LEFT" and ADC #80 \ "RIGHT" JSR TT27 INC YC \ Move the text cursor down a row) LDY YC \ Update Y with the incremented counter in YC CPY #20 \ If Y < 20 then loop back up to qv1 to print the next BCC qv1 \ view in the menu .qv3 JSR CLYNS \ Clear the bottom three text rows of the upper screen, \ and move the text cursor to column 1 on row 21, i.e. \ the start of the top row of the three bottom rows .qv2 LDA #175 \ Print recursive text token 15 ("VIEW ") followed by JSR prq \ a question mark JSR TT217 \ Scan the keyboard until a key is pressed, and return \ the key's ASCII code in A (and X) SEC \ Subtract ASCII '0' from the key pressed, to leave the SBC #'0' \ numeric value of the key in A (if it was a number key) CMP #4 \ If the number entered in A >= 4, then it is not a BCS qv3 \ valid view number, so jump back to qv3 to try again TAX \ We have a valid view number, so transfer it to X RTS \ Return from the subroutine
Save output/ELTD.bin
PRINT "ELITE D" PRINT "Assembled at ", ~CODE_D% PRINT "Ends at ", ~P% PRINT "Code size is ", ~(P% - CODE_D%) PRINT "Execute at ", ~LOAD% PRINT "Reload at ", ~LOAD_D% PRINT "S.ELTD ", ~CODE_D%, " ", ~P%, " ", ~LOAD%, " ", ~LOAD_D% SAVE "output/ELTD.bin", CODE_D%, P%, LOAD%